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How to Grow Weed Indoors for Beginners: Step by Step Guide

From our friends BigBud and MaryJane Farmer at

Want to grow weed at home?

Wondering how to get started or what equipment you might need?

Not sure you’ve got enough space or whether it’s going to be cost-effective?

Whatever your question, in this step by step grower’s guide we’ve got you covered. Think of this as Cannabis Growing 101.

You’re about to start learning, step by step, how to grow your first crop of lush, green marijuana.

The First Step: Choosing The Right Seed

True, there is another way to get started, by taking a cutting from an existing plant and cloning it…

However, for beginners, we’d recommend growing from seed.

Germination rate is 85% or above, whereas the success rate for growing cloned plants is around 50%. And you need to have access to a plant to take the cutting from, which isn't going to be the case for most beginners.

How to Choose Cannabis Seed

Healthy cannabis seeds

The seed is like a sleeping embryo, the result of sexual propagation between male and female flowers. Only healthy parent plants will produce healthy top quality seeds. All the features of the plant, be it the height, color, aroma or quality, all depend on the seed.

If you want good quality marijuana, you need good quality seeds. Check this well-known site that offers  a wide variety.

But how do you select a seed worth growing?

Avoid pale seeds, green seeds, and soft or damaged seeds. These are not mature or ready for germination.

Cannabis seeds should have a hard outer shell. So what you’re looking for is hard, dark brown teardrop shaped seeds, with darker tiger stripes (these are usually Indica seeds) or brown, black or tan mottling (usually Sativa).

There are numerous strains of seed available. But whatever the strain, you’ll also need to choose between regular seeds that could produce male or female plants and feminized seeds that should produce only the bud-producing female plants you’re aiming to harvest.

However, with feminized seeds there’s still about a 5% chance of hermaphrodite plants, which produce both male and female flowers and self-pollinate.

(You can also check out this beginner's guide to choosing your first seeds.)

Germination of Cannabis Seeds

After selecting the right seed, the next step is germination.

Germination is a process in which the outer shell of a healthy and mature seed, kept in the correct environmental conditions (moisture, air and warmth), breaks down and a white colored root begins to sprout from it, dropping downward.

Here’s what you need to learn: only 2 or 3 out of 10 non-feminized seeds will become healthy female marijuana plants, others may spoil or grow as male plants. So take that into account when deciding how many seeds to germinate.

The average time, a healthy seed takes to germinate is about 2 to 7 days, but the period may vary depending on quality of seed, temperature, moisture, etc.

After the germination process, you’ll be looking to remove all the male or less developed sprouts and focus on raising the healthy female marijuana plants. (More on that later.)

If you don't have as many female plants as you'd like, you may want to begin another germination process as soon as possible. Our advice is also to germinate in the hot months for more effective results.

A growing/grower mat can help germination too, but is an extra expense.

Once the seed has germinated, the white colored, root shaped sprout should grow longer and longer. When the size reaches about a quarter inch it’s the perfect time to transfer it to another medium such as rockwool tray or any other pot where it has space to become a baby plant.

From there, it will eventually be transferred into the garden or a hydroponic system.

How to Germinate a Cannabis Seed

There are many techniques to start germination. But one good tip for the beginner is to practice them on other common seeds first, rather than waste expensive marijuana seeds.

The different techniques for germinating seed are as follows:


This is the most reliable technique of germinating marijuana or any other seed. In this method you need a normal coffee cup filled with warm water.

Put the seeds into the warm water. If some seeds float to the top, remove them.

The next step is to cover the cup with a lid so that light is unable to reach inside.

Expect the seeds to germinate in the following 48 hours or so.

Some seeds will even begin to sprout within 24 hours.

Germination in Soil

Cannabis Germination in Soil

Some farmers prefer to germinate in the soil. This method is also easy and it really works.

You need to take a pot filled with soil, pour water in it and let it drain from the hole at the bottom of the pot.

Dig a little soil from its surface and push a pencil or any other pointed tool down about a quarter inch deep. Now put the seed in and then fill up the space with the soil you dug from the surface.

Spray water and keep it moist until you find a small sprout coming up from the soil.

Remember that it will require a normal room temperature to germinate in soil, which is around 78 degrees Fahrenheit. Usually, with this method seeds take 5 to 7 days to germinate.

Propagation Kits

Propagation kits are inexpensive and give good results.

They will come with their own instructions, but generally you have to pour the seeds into tiny pots or compartments, add the germination hormone or nutrient mix that comes with the kit, and the process gets started.

You can even create your own propagation machine, although purchasing it from market doesn't cost you much.

Paper Towel Method

Two dishes, two paper towels and some water is needed for this method of germination.

You have to boil some water, rinse both the dishes with it so that there are no germs left. Now soak the paper towels in the hot water and squeeze them so that they become damp and warm.

Place one paper towel on a dish, put some seeds on it, cover them with another paper towel and then use the second dish as a lid. This is necessary to prevent light entering this environment. Seeds will take 2 to 5 days to germinate through this method.

Remember that you don’t want to leave the germinated seeds on towel for too long. Transfer them from the paper towel as soon as the sprouts show their tips.

Germinating in Peat Briquettes

Soak a peat briquette in water and let it swell. Now push a seed into the hole. Keep it in a hot temperature, like in 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep it moist and wait for the sprouts to come out. This is the safest and most reliable method of germinating a marijuana seed.

Note that you can select any of the above mentioned methods of germinating seed. Go with whichever suits you the best.

Cannabis Seedlings

Cannabis seedling

Once you see that the sprout is a quarter inch long then it’s time to replant it in a pot, where it will grow up to become a small marijuana plant.

A marijuana seedling is basically a pair of two leaves that is generally called a ‘seedling leaf’ or ‘cotyledon’. The function of the cotyledon is initially to store the food and make the up-coming plant healthy. When the real leaves arrive, the cotyledon gets paler, yellow and then drops down. Real leaves at this stage of marijuana plant growth have 3 lamina.

At this early stage, a baby plant needs intense care.

Don’t water the plant too much—big mistake. Also pay attention to the amount of light it’s getting.

If you’re a newbie grower, it’s worth noting here that the growth of plant appears slow at this stage.

But in fact what’s happening is that the root system is developing.

So do not over-fertilize or over-water the plant to increase its growth rate. It can kill your plant.

Remember also that the marijuana seedling requires approximately 16 hours of light on a daily basis. Set your light to 15/30/30 (15% red, 30% blue, 30% white).


Transplanting a cannabis plant

Whether you have your seedling process in a rockwool tray or in a pot, now is the time to transplant those seedlings into the garden or hydroponic system, where they will start to really grow and produce the material for some top quality weed.

When transplanting the seedling, you should dig a hole in the soil and place the seedling carefully inside.

You can drop the seedling in along with the rockwool tube, don’t worry. It won’t affect the growth of the plant in any manner, and removing it could damage the roots.

What You'll Need to Monitor During Growing

Now that your plants are growing and becoming a strong crop, you need to be careful with a few things.

First and foremost, keep an eye on nutrient deficiency or excess. Both can have similar symptoms. But in general, look out for: lightening then yellowing in older mature leaves; spots of different kinds; various sorts of discoloration.

The 3rd to 5th week can be the best time to determine whether your plant is growing healthily or not. If the color of the plant is perfect green, branches are strong and dense and everything looks fine during this period then you should be satisfied that it is growing the right way.

Sometimes it appears that the stems of the plant in its early days are purple in color. Don’t worry. it’s a normal thing. It happens just because of genetics and nothing else.

Cannabis nutrient deficiency

Photo credit: Cannabis Training University - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0

Low nitrogen level is good for female plants, while high nitrogen levels produce and nourish male plants efficiently. Too low and you'll see lightening and yellowing of the leaves.

Moreover, keep the potassium level low for encouraging the growth of female plants and vice versa for male plants. Too low and you'll see a brown burnt-look to the tips and edge of the leaves, turning yellow further into the leaf.

A general excess of nutrients—usually known as "nutrient burn"—is diagnosable by yellow or brown tips to the leaves. If nutrient levels aren't reduced, you'll see the discoloration travel further into the leaf and the tips will start to curl and become brittle.

However, don't worry too much when you see initial signs in young plants, as the more they grow the more nutrients they need. The soil might be too rich for them now, but when they're a bit larger it will likely be ideal.

Try to keep control over humidity and temperature if you are growing plants indoors. High humidity helps in increasing the growth rate of female plants, while low humidity is good for the growth of male. Likewise with the temperature: low temperature is helpful for female plants’ growth, while high temperature is good for male plants.

Temperature and humidity levels for female plants at different growing stages:

  • Seedlings: 20-25ºC with lights on, 4-5º lower with lights off; 60-70% humidity.
  • Vegetative: 22-28ºC; 40-70%.
  • Flowering: 20-26ºC; below 55%.
  • Late flowering (1-2 weeks before harvesting): 18-24ºC, 5-10º lower with lights off; 30-40%.

Recommended light settings for indoor cannabis at each growing stage

As far as lighting is concerned, blue spectrum light energy boosts up the growth rate of female plants, producing strong, large, healthy leaves; while red spectrum light when the plants enter the flowering stage promotes budding.

  • Seedlings: 15/30/30 (15% red, 30% blue, 30% white). Once seedling has leaves and has been above ground a week, 30/60/60.
  • Vegetative: 30/60/60,  45/80/80 or 60/100/100 (depending on plant type, check recommendations when buying the seeds).
  • Flowering: 100/100/100.
  • Late flowering: 100/70/100.

N.B. These are the settings recommended by Kind LED. Their LED  Grow Lights (some of the best on the market) allow setting red, blue and white levels individually.

How to Grow Seedlings into Mature Marijuana Plants

Mature cannabis plant

Now you are going to learn the most important things you need to know to become a perfectionist marijuana grower. It’s up to you which method and medium you select to grow your indoor marijuana.

The topics we’re going to cover in this chapter include:

  • Growing with Soil Using Germination Process
  • Growing by Cloning Process
  • Growing Hydroponically

We recommend first-time growers go with the most reliable means of cultivation, which is soil.

The reason is simply that it is a cost effective method and has fewer risks, compared to other methods.

However, we’ll give you the step by step guide for all three of these cannabis growing methods, so that you have a proper idea of what method suits you the most and why.

Growing with Soil Using Germination Process

We've already covered why growing marijuana with soil is the best method for beginners. It is cost effective, fruitful and reliable.

If you’re not interested in turning this growing thing into a large business, then you may choose to grow in the containers.

For the beginners, growing in containers is easy to handle and has less chance of failure.

Growing in Containers

Growing in containers, you have a chance to look after each and every plant individually. This allows you to identify weak or poor quality marijuana plants early.

A container can be of any sort including a pot, small bucket, wooden box or other similar thing. All you need to do is to make some holes (about 1 centimeter diameter) to drain out excess water and get air to the roots.

Make sure that the color of the container is dark, ideally black, as it is helpful in ensuring light doesn’t penetrate to the roots.

You can start off with small containers as they are much easier to handle. But you must be aware that as the roots of your plants grow longer you’ll eventually need to shift the plants (very carefully, so as not to damage the roots) from small containers to the larger ones—usually soon after you realize that rapid growth is beginning.

Make Your Own Container

You can prepare your own container using old and rejected pots, broad sized bottles and bowls. You should clean them first and then make appropriate sized holes beneath the pots. The holes must be big enough to drain all the excess water out. And ideally the container material shouldn’t let in the light.

Growing in the Ground

If you are growing marijuana at home, then you may not be able to find a suitable space to grow marijuana in the ground, outside, where there is abundant sunlight. But if the option’s available to you, it’s worth doing.

You have to be careful about the spacing of the plants.

Try to leave an appropriate but uniform space between each plant (3-4 feet, or more if you have the space) so that the productivity is maximized.

Choosing Soil Type

Remember that if you are growing cannabis in soil then you have to be choosy in selecting the type of soil.

Make sure that the soil you are using for marijuana cultivation is drainable but does not completely drain all the water. It should be capable of retaining some water.

The three factors to consider in selection of appropriate soil for marijuana include nutrients, PH level and texture.

Organic soil has the capability to produce the best quality cannabis crop.

Texture of soil also has a major role in the growing process of cannabis so make sure that it is fluffy, light and can drain excess water but retain what’s needed.

Transplanting Cannabis Plants

Transplanting means to convert the plants from small containers to bigger ones or shifting them from containers to the ground of your cultivating area.

The method of transplanting is simple, but not easy. You need to take the plant out of the container carefully, along with the roots and all the soil around them. Dig the next home for this plant from its center and then place it in the hole.

Transplantation can cause a little damage to the root system and some stress to the plants so they need some time to settle down.

We would advise transplanting at night so that plant has an appropriate time to rest before light starts it growing and photosynthesizing again.

Main Nutrients Needed For Growing Cannabis

Plants need vitamins and minerals just like people.  You can mix and match your own nutrients using our directions on the required ingredients, but why not choose an all-in-one starter pack like the one below?

A great choice for first time growers.
Humboldt Countys Own Starter Kit

If you decide to make your own nutrient concoction, below are the main nutrients which play an important role in the growth of marijuana:


Nitrogen is the most essential element that helps in leaf and stem growth. Too little nitrogen leads the plant’s leaves to turn yellow. So use as much nitrogen as you can, especially during vegetation to make sure that the growth of the plant occurs in the finest way.


Phosphorus plays a key role in the process of photosynthesis and respiration. It is advised to use more phosphorus than nitrogen during the flowering.


Potassium is necessary for the building and transferring of sugars for marijuana plants. It is also an important element for absorption of water and nutrients, aiding rapid growth of the plant.

Watering of Marijuana Plants

Watering depends on the size of the plant’s container and the light’s intensity.

HID lights due to the high level of heat given off affect the water level of plant.

In general, you need to water your crop every other day. Roots want air as well as water, so a little bit of dryness is healthy for the plant—but not too much, otherwise the plant will suffer from dehydration.

Water until about 20% of the water drains through the runoff hole at the bottom of the container. Then empty the runoff tray, rather than let the container sit in that water and reabsorb it.

Checking pH Levels

The pH level of marijuana plants needs to be monitored very carefully.

6.7 to 6.2 level is the best condition for the survival of your marijuana plant. Not paying attention to pH levels can lead to the devastation of the whole crop.

Over feeding of fertilizers and organic compounds may cause disturbance in the pH level of a plant, so make sure to do your research before using any fertilizer.

As far as fertilizers go, common manure fertilizer will do just fine for marijuana. You don’t really need to find some super extraordinary ultra-nutrient.

So you are now almost done with the main guidelines about marijuana cultivation in soil. The only thing that remains is the level of lighting, which we will guide you through in detail later on, after we’ve talked about cloning…

Cloning Method for Growing Marijuana

Cloning is one of the smartest methods to grow marijuana and is widely used by farmers and indoor marijuana growers.

How Do You Clone?

Choose some donor plants, then take cuttings from them and grow the cuttings in a separate medium. You’re essentially creating mini-copies of the original plants.

The big advantage is that each clone will turn out to be a female plant—i.e. the kind you’ll harvest hopefully giant buds from.

Cloning Weed Plants

There are, however, some drawbacks as well to cloning, but if you already have some healthy and productive marijuana plants it’s a great way to produce more.

You can easily select some donor plants from existing plants in your crop and then make some clones out of them.

But let’s have a closer look at the benefits and drawbacks:

Benefits of Cloning

  • It is a time saving process, because all you need to do is to select some plants, make the clones and place them in their growing mediums. In the seed method, it takes days in germination, growth of seedlings, and so on.
  • It saves money as well, because you don’t need to buy any seeds.
  • Your plants are guaranteed to be female.
  • They grow much faster than seedlings, since they’re essentially already as mature as the plant the cutting was taken from.
  • Rooted clones of marijuana take less time in flowering.
  • Growing lots of marijuana at once becomes a much easier process, as clones take so much less time to grow.
  • The characteristics of your final product will be the same or even better in taste, aroma and effects every time.

Drawbacks of Cloning

  • Due to the genetic uniformity, there is more chance of plants succumbing to pests and diseases.
  • Less variety. If you go with the seed process, you can grow something different every time—try different tastes, aromas and effects.
  • Cloning can be workable and reliable if you are taking cuttings from your existing marijuana plants that you know well. Finding them from other sources and getting perfect results is far from guaranteed!
  • If you choose a poor plant to clone from, you’re stuck with that plant’s flaws.
  • They can easily die of shock if a little mishandling happens. QUICK TIP: Always take more clones than you need to allow for the inevitable.
  • Clones are very sensitive, so are not that easy to handle at all.
  • All the clones are always going to be females. Which makes breeding a problem in the future.

Step by Step Guide to Cloning Cannabis Plants

Below is the easy and step by step guide to making your clones:

Initial preparations

  • The first and most important thing you need to do is to choose the mother plant. Remember that all the future product depends on it, so choose a healthy, productive and disease free mother plant.
  • You should cut 50% more clones than the number of plants you need. Not all the clones are going to become healthy plants. Many of them may die from shock.
  • You can cut the clones at any time during the plant’s cycle but supposedly the best time is before the plant starts flowering.
  • Your hands must be washed with a good antibacterial soap; all your tools and growing area/medium must be clean too.
  • For immediate planting, a pH balanced medium should be prepared.
  • Keep all the clones nearby you within immediate reach at the time of their planting; exposed clones will wilt quickly.

How to take a cutting

  • Select the appropriate clones: actively growing plant tops, having two to three nodes/branches only with fan leaves (mature plants have alternating leaves, rather than facing ones). See photo below.
  • Cut a lower node or two at the stem.

Cannabis cuttings for cloning

  • Treat your clone in a good quality rooting solution, and make sure at least the lowest node is thinly covered.
  • Now fix this clone in a rockwool cube.
  • Do not forget to prep the rockwools by soaking them overnight in a pH balanced solution.
  • Clip large leaves in half to ensure that the clone focuses on creating roots.

Growing clones into mature plants

  • The next step is dome and lighting. Spray inside the humidity dome or propagator with No Damp solution (or equivalent). Do not spray the clone direct as it may result in powdery mildew.
  • Place the covered clone tray with humidity dome at a spot where an appropriate amount of white fluorescent light is available. This light can be natural sunlight or T9 grow light, or even an HID light if you’re careful.
  • The humidity dome should be removed from the clone tray on the 5th day. But remember also to lift the lid daily for air exchange.
  • Water every other day. Then once a day when the dome has been removed.
  • Now you have to check if the plant is rooted yet or not. For checking, you can tug the plant lightly toward upward side. If the plant is rooted, it will not come out of the cube. If it is not, it will come out of the cube easily. Please note that you are not supposed to do this until the 5th day. Rooting can take 5-10 days.
  • If you see some leaves turning to yellow at this early stage, it is actually a good sign so don’t worry. It happens because during the process of rooting, the plant consumes all the nutrients from its fan leaves. Add a little weak nutrient at this stage.
  • Till the time plant is in the process of rooting, you have to spray it with water. Once you have seen signs of plants being rooted, water them properly.
  • You should also drain the rooting solution out from the cube as it is of no use now.
  • Now, at this critical stage, you are supposed to check whether the plant is wilting. You can check it by opening the grow tent a little bit. If you find no wilting for 4 to 6 hours it means you are ready to move ahead.
  • Now you can put these clones under HID or LED lights or you can plant them outdoors in soil.
  • Make sure that they get 15 to 18 hours of lighting. They need this much light to get to the vegetation phase.

How To Avoid Wilting When Growing Clones

Don’t worry if you find your clones wilting, just check if they are placed properly in their respective mediums. Also keep a close eye on your lighting. It should not be too bright and should be in line with the light levels needed by the plant. New clones need relatively gentle light: 25/45/45 (red/blue/white percentage settings for a Kind LED grow light).

If you follow the above criteria, you should get successful results. And over time and with experience you’ll be able to refine the process and learn even more.


Viagrow V4X4COMP Ebb & Flow Hydroponic System Tray, 4' x 4'

Hydroponics for growing marijuana results in the greatest yields. But it has both advantages and disadvantage, so let’s discuss them first before going into the core details of how you can grow your own Cannabis Sativa using hydroponics.


  • There is no need for soil in this method so it is a clean process. All the process is done making no mess at all.
  • Due to the controlled system, pollution in the environment is eliminated.
  • It produces large amounts of high quality weed.
  • Due to the controlled and monitored system of hydroponics, there should be no dry spots or root drowning.
  • It reduces water costs because water remains in the system.
  • Nutrients are controlled under the system, so it save you money here as well.
  • It is easier to prevent the hydroponic system from getting infected or attacked by insects.
  • The time of growth is rapid and quantity of yield is greater.
  • With the right hydroponic system you can even grow your own weed in your bedroom.


  • This is an expensive mean of growing marijuana.
  • You need to regularly monitor on the system.
  • It totally depends on electricity.
  • A little mistake can destroy the whole thing that took you ages to prepare.

Step By Step Guide to Growing Marijuana Hydroponically

Now let’s show you how to grow marijuana in your hydroponics system. Make sure to follow each step correctly and in the right order.

Initial preparations

  • First of all collect all the basic necessary items that you need. The items may include seeds or clones (whatever you prefer); some white paint; hydroponic nutrients; containers or pots; growing medium for the pots (such as Coco Coir); fluorescent, HID or LED lighting system; timer; pH detector.
  • Now you’ll need to prepare your walls in order to maximize your weed production. Growing indoors, means it’s up to you to provide your crop with an appropriate amount of light. Painting the walls of your grow room with semi-gloss white paint helps reflect the light source back onto the plants.
  • You can also use mylar to line your walls, or grow within a mylar-lined grow tent or grow box, as mylar is highly reflective. The drawback is that mylar reflects both light and heat extremely efficiently, so you need to be careful not to burn your plants.


  • Next you have to set up the lights. Hang them to give your plants the maximum amount of coverage. Your light should come with instructions giving suggested heights for each stage of growth to ensure each plant in your grow space gets enough light. Also check any instructions that came with your plant or seeds, as some strais need more light than others.
  • If you're using HID (High Intensity Discharge) grow lights, the general rule of thumb is 40w per square foot, going up to 60-70w to maximize yields.
  • If you're using LED grow lights, to ensure good coverage, check your light's PAR value. PAR (Photosynthetically Active Radiation) is the section of the light spectrum that the plant can actually absorb and use to photosynthesise. This is the range from 400nm to 700nm. A full cycle LED light will produce the PAR values you need at every stage of your grow—and won't waste your electricity bill producing light your plants can't use.
    • PPFD, Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density, is the main measure of how much of that usable light is falling on the plant per square meter per second. It's basically the intensity of the light. This is often what people mean when talking about PAR rating or values. For good light coverage, the higher the better.
    • When buying an LED grow lights, as well as looking out for high PAR values, you also need to check out the spectrum it produces. This is basically the quality of that light. The ideal is a full spectrum grow light.
    • The simplest rule of thumb for making sure your plants are adequately covered by an LED grow light is to assume a minimum of 32w per square foot. However, note that this refers to how many watts the light draws at the wall socket, not its stated output.
[N.B. We could go a lot more in-depth on ensuring even light distribution, PAR and the various measures and ratings involved with grow lights. It's a large and sometimes controversial topic in the growing community. However, for this beginner's guide we decided to stick with the simplest rules of thumb, to get you growing more quickly. And as we mentioned above, the instructions that came with your light and seeds/plant should see you right. However, if you want to learn more, check out this article or our guide to choosing a grow light.]

Temperature, humidity, ventilation, nutrients

  • Careful not to overheat plants with the lighting. The maximum temperature a marijuana plant can bear is about 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Check this guide for how to measure and control temperature and humidity in your grow setup.
  • Every plant needs proper ventilation. This is one of the most important requirements for an ideal growing environment. So make sure that your growing area is properly ventilated.
  • If you are not using the cloning method, then you’ll obviously need seeds. Seeds need to germinate before planting. (We've covered how to pick seeds and germinate them above.)
  • The next destination for a germinated seed is a rockwool block. This is where the initial growth of the plant will take place.
  • Now you can start feeding your plant with water and other nutrients in your hydroponic system. The ideal water pH level at this stage is 5.0 to 6.0. Do not overfeed the plant with some extraordinary amount of nutrients—too many nutes can spoil a plant very quickly. Start off with an average amount of nutrients and increase gradually.
  • At this stage, a plant needs intense care and careful monitoring to ensure maximum yield in the future. Keep an eye on the pH level of the tap or filtered water you are growing with. Also keep a careful eye on nutrients and lighting. As plants grow they obviously get closer to the light, so be careful they’re not getting too much.

Vegetation and flowering

  • After seeding, the next important phases in a plant’s life are vegetation and flowering. You need to make sure that the environmental conditions are perfect for these stages to maximize your yield and yield quality.
  • You can use height to determine the growth time for your plants in the vegetative phase. The plant may double its height during the phase of flowering. Ideally the plant should be left in a vegetative stage till its height is 6 to 18’’.
  • Once your plant has grown up to 18’’, it’s time to start the flowering process. Balance of lighting has a vital role at the flowering phase. Adjust the light schedule to provide 12 hours of light a day.
  • As plants begin to flower, within the first couple of weeks you’ll be able to judge the sex of the plant.
    • Female plants will start growing white hairs around the nodes/branches, these will turn into white wispy almost shoot-like ‘pistils’.
    • Whereas in male plants, after a week or two, small grape-like balls will become visible, which will grow into bunches (pollen sacs). These bunches may also resemble bananas, in shape and color. (So, yes, balls and a phallic shape. If that helps you remember.)
    • Check, too, for hermaphrodite plants. Sometimes a plant will develop female pre-flowers on one part and male on another. So continue to keep an eye on plants that you thought were female, and don’t just judge on one preflower.

Female cannabis plant

Female plant.

Male cannabis plant

Male plant.

  • Remove all the male plants now as they will pollinate females. Also remove hermaphrodite plants that will self-pollinate and may pollinate other plants too.
  • Continue to keep an eye on flowers as a stressed female plant can begin to grow elongated yellow pollen sacs from the center of the bud. These ‘bananas’ produce pollen as soon as they emerge. Remove or separate them immediately, and if you see too many ‘nanners’, begin harvesting and cut your losses.
  • Now comes the most patience demanding phase, as you wait for a plant to reach maturity. How long this takes totally depends on your system and the type of strain you're growing. As a general estimate, it takes about 6 to 12 weeks for Cannabis Sativa to mature.


  • One week before harvesting, only feed the plant with water. If you use other nutrients at this time, they can affect the taste when smoking your weed.
  • Harvest when resin on the buds is clear and sticky, some of it beginning to darken to brown or amber.
  • For greater control over flavor and effects:
    • When you see 50 to 75% of pistils have turned red/brown, you'll get a lighter flavor and mellower high.
    • When 70 to 90% are brown you’ll get heavier stronger weed.
    • 90 to 100% and it’s very nearly too late, the taste will be heavy and the effects more narcotic.
  • Other signs that it’s harvesting time: the stem will start to broaden, leaves will start to yellow and die back.
  • You can also look closely at the trichomes (the hairs on the buds). If the trichomes are clear, keep waiting. If they’re a milky white, some becoming amber, they’re ready. And if they’re all amber, you've waited too long—your weed may have a very strong, possibly unpleasant flavor and active ingredients will have started to deteriorate. Use a magnifying device to check.
  • Or you can just judge and plan ahead by time. Generally harvest Indica after 8 weeks of flowering, Sativa after 12 weeks (10 for some strains), and autoflowering strains after 10 weeks total from seedling to bud. But always check the likely flowering phase length for the particular strain you’re growing.

How Important Is Light for Marijuana Growing?

Best Full Spectrum LED Grow Lights

Marijuana requires a lot of light. This is the key factor in producing greater yields. The crop will not be sustainable if an appropriate amount and type of lighting is not provided. Whether you are growing cannabis in soil medium or in a hydroponic system, correct lighting is probably the most needed nutrient for healthy plant growth.

Lighting Systems

When it comes to lighting systems for indoor growing, there’s an almost overwhelming amount of choice available these days. And of course each option has its respective advantages and disadvantages—which we’ll cover shortly.

Lighting systems can include bulbs, reflectors, ballast, timers, different color spectrums and various other features.

But whatever the system, the intention is to activate rapid growth in your cannabis plants and maximize your yield.

Important Information About the Role of Light

What you need to determine before choosing the lighting system is the color and temperature of light. Different colors have different impacts.

Look at CCT/Kelvin rating to determine color of HID fluorescent lights and CRI rating to gauge the intensity of the color. The higher the CRI the more natural and vibrant the stated colors will appear. For Kelvins, 2700K will be a warm red, 4200K a cooler blue color, 6500K is closest to sunlight; the lowest Kelvin rating is white, the higher the number the bluer the color.

You will find varying advice on wattage of lights, with the maximum used by most growers being 1000W for the cultivation of Cannabis Sativa. More than 1000W will usually be harmful, but setups with lower wattages can work well.

(However, when it comes to LED grow lights, you'll find some much higher wattage LED models on the market. Because one of the great advantages of LEDs is that they run so much cooler than other grow lights.)

A simple way to gauge light emitted per square foot by a non-LED bulb or any other non-LED light source: look at a light or bulb’s lumens rating. A marijuana crop needs luminosity of at least 3000 lumens per square foot. Although, for maximum productivity, you should provide 7000 to 10,000 lumens per square foot.

A broader color spectrum lamp will tend to outperform a grow lamp with a higher lumen output. They need bright light, but it’s the blue and red parts in particular of the visible light spectrum that plants actually absorb and use to photosynthesise.

Having said all that, though... we want to reiterate the importance of PAR values.

PAR spectrum of a full spectrum LED grow light - KIND LED

PAR spectrum emitted by a full spectrum LED grow light.

Lumens really only measure the intensity of the light to the human eye.

For plants, which can only use wavelengths within the 400-700nm range of the light spectrum, it's PAR that really matters, and the spectrum of light produced.

Various kinds of bulbs can produce a broad spectrum of usable light for growing cannabis. Or you can have different lights for different stages of the growing cycle.

But a good LED grow light is the simplest option. It will give you every kind of light the plant needs (and none that it can't use), more efficiently, cheaply and with more user-friendly controls.

However, a lot of available growing advice (especially for non-LED grow lights) still discusses lumens. Hence the discussion above.

Sources of Light

Growing a crop indoors you’ll obviously need some artificial light source—and you simply cannot afford to ignore good lighting if you are a serious grower and want results.

Fluorescent and especially LED grow lights are great for the growth of marijuana plants.

Compact fluorescent lights are also available on the market, commonly abbreviated to CFL.

The best thing about CFLs is that they are available almost everywhere. HID lights may not be available in some places, but CFL is available pretty much anywhere in the world.

Early LED lighting systems were not ideal, but the technology and costs improved rapidly and LED lights are now highly regarded for indoor growing of plants. As we said above, they're by far the simplest option and increasingly the best option too—especially for a beginner.

There are numerous benefits to using LED grow lights, but the one most worth mentioning here is that they produce full spectrum light with a low level of heat.

Placement of Light

The ideal distance of light from your plants totally depends on the type of source you’re using.

If you are using heat emitting grow lights then you’ll need to place this type of light a bit higher above the plant. Check the light's instructions. However, if you’re using something cooler like LED grow lights, hang them about 10 to 14 inches from the plant.

Lighting Schedules for Different Stages of Marijuana Plant Growth

During the plant’s different phases, Cannabis Sativa requires different schedules and hours of lighting.

  • In the seedling phase, Marijuana needs 16 to 18 hours of proper lighting.
  • In the vegetative stage, the requirement increases to 18 to 24 hours daily.
  • In the flowering phase, give the plants 12 hours of light and increase the red part of the spectrum.

Remember that lighting plays the main role in nourishment of your marijuana crop. If lighting is not good enough, your harvest won’t be either.

Harvesting of marijuana

Cannabis ready to harvest

Let’s get one thing out of the way, harvesting marijuana doesn't demand some sort of rocket science. Harvesting is actually a fun thing. It's the reward for all the hard work you've put into all the growing phases of your crop.

Here’s what you need to know to get it right…

When Should I Harvest My Marijuana Crop?

Let’s cut straight to the chase.

The right time to harvest the marijuana is easy. In fact, we've already covered it above.

Just look at the color of the pistils or hairs covering the buds.

At the beginning of flowering they’re white, but when they’re ready for harvesting they start to turn dark brown.

When around 70% have turned brown is a good time to get your harvesting tools ready. After that, it all depends how you like your weed to taste and the effects you’re after. The browner, the stronger heavier and more narcotic.

How Do I Harvest My Marijuana Flowers?

On the day you decide to harvest your marijuana, it’s a good idea to start off early in the morning.

Harvesting isn't difficult but can certainly be time consuming work—especially if there’s plenty to harvest.

You should start by cutting the plant wholly from its root. Cut all of the plants that you nourished in your grow area. To make things easier, begin by cutting the larger, heavier plants first.

After cutting them, remove some of the larger fan leaves. Then hang some wire horizontally from the ceiling and hang the cut plants from it, upside down, keeping some space between plants for good air circulation.

Once you’re done with that, it’s time to dry your plants.

The cheap, economical and most reliable way to dry the plants is to leave them in open air.

However, drying cabinets and automated curing machines are also available on the markets these days and can be very helpful in drying your cannabis quickly and efficiently. The latter are more for commercial growers though.

Some people also use oscillating fans to improve ventilation when drying. The fans should be circulating air around the plants, not blowing directly on them. If your plants are moving, your fans are not positioned correctly.

What Time of Day Should I Harvest My Weed?

Time of day is important in the harvesting of cannabis.

Ideally, harvest in the dark. Because at night, the female plants store the food which they prepared during the day light by photosynthesis.

However, that’s for outdoor growing.

For indoor growing, night time is dependent on your plant’s lighting schedule. If lighting was scheduled during night hours, for instance, then harvest the product in the morning.

Since it can be time consuming work, check how many plants you have, estimate how long it’s going to take to cut them all, and make sure you've set aside enough free time to get it all done.

How Do I Prepare my Weed for Smoking?

Weed hung for drying

The first thing to note is that plants don’t die when you cut them, they die when their water is dried out.

So, before doing anything else to your harvest, you need to leave the plants for at least 7 days in an environment of around 70 degrees Fahrenheit and 50 percent humidity to dry the remaining water from the plant.

Keep the room dark too.

And check periodically that no mold or mildew is developing. Remove any affected parts immediately. A fan to increase air circulation will help to prevent this.

A quick note of caution:

During the first few days of drying, the plants will give off a strong, unmistakable scent of marijuana!

But don’t be tempted to hurry things along.

Drying is not a process to rush—it can take up to two weeks. Sometimes a few days longer. However, drying slowly ensures heavy, flavorful, aromatic buds.

After drying, the final step to producing tasty, smokeable weed is curing proper (technically, the whole drying process from the moment the plants are cut is curing).

When the twigs inside your buds become brittle and the outside of the bud feels dry to the touch, you’re ready to begin. The buds should just snap off, with no stringiness left behind. Ideally, larger stems should still bend.

Some growers, however, like to trim the buds before curing. If you do so, use clean sharp scissors to trim away any remaining leaves. (But save them for making edibles, as they will still contain trichomes.) And if you have more than a couple of plants, a good bud trimming machine can save you a lot of time and hard work.

What is Curing and Why is it Necessary?

Curing is done to make sure certain natural plant processes occur that will ensure peak potency and quality. It gives you a smoother, more flavorful smoke.

Here’s what curing does for your dried buds in more detail:

  • Breaks down chlorophyll to improve taste and smoothness of buds.
  • Brings out the unique flavor mix and aroma of your chosen cannabis strain.
  • During curing and drying turns all the THC in fresh marijuana into psychoactive elements that make you high when smoking it.
  • Reduces “harshness”, so that you’re less likely to cough or get a headache.
  • Properly cured buds are less likely to cause negative side-effects such as anxiety and paranoia.
  • Lessens the risk of mold or bacteria growing on your buds.
  • Increases potency, according to many.

As a first-time grower you might be eager to try the fruits of your labor ASAP. But as you can see, it’s worth waiting—good curing accounts for almost 50% of the quality of your final product!

How Do I Cure My Marijuana?

Simply put the dried buds in mason jars (ideally 1 quart jars, which will hold about an ounce), about 75% full. Any that don’t feel dry to the touch, keep drying them.

If buds already in a jar start to stick together when you shake the jar, they may still be too moist. Just leave the lid off for a while until they feel dry to the touch again.If you choose to invest in a hygrometer to test humidity in the jars, you’re aiming to keep your buds at a relative humidity of around 60-65%.

Also, keep your jars in a cool dark environment.

For the first 1-2 weeks remove lids and check your buds every 24 hours—they need air.

If you smell ammonia or feel moistness, leave the jar open to air for 2-4 hours. If buds feel wet, remove them entirely for 12-24 hours.

Don’t worry too much about over-drying. It’s best avoided, but even over-drying improves the cannabis.

After a couple of weeks, when you’re sure that the buds are curing nicely, you can start to remove the lid just once a week. If all remains well for several weeks, once a month will do.

Buds will continue to cure for up to 6 months.

For long term storage, keep in an airtight container (such as the mason jar). Buds should have been curing for at least 3 months first. After 6 months, consider vacuum sealing them, or freezing the buds in tightly packed mason jars.

How long before you can smoke it?

Up to you. You can try a little at any stage in the curing or storage process and see what ‘vintage’ suits you best.

Curing and Drying Weed

That’s it—you’re done!

You've got your first smokeable crop of marijuana.


In writing this step by step guide to growing weed indoors we wanted to help out newbie growers, many of whom can get confused by or bogged down in lengthy and overly-technical books.

That’s not to say the information in those books is wrong, by any means—in fact, we gathered plenty of information for this article from those books.

The problem we found with those books was that they just weren't aimed at the newbie. Too much jargon. Too easy to get lost in advanced techniques you don’t need to know until you've tried growing a few times.

We decided there needed to be an accessible guide for the beginner which focused purely on all the most useful starter information about marijuana and marijuana growing methods and gathered it all together in a concise, convenient manner.

This guide will get you started. The rest you can learn along the way as you step up your growing, encounter new problems and solutions and hone your techniques.

We hope that you’ll benefit from our efforts and that you enjoyed this beginner’s guide to growing marijuana indoors. We look forward to hearing from you through your feedback.

And we wish you the best of luck in your budding weed growing career.

Happy growing!

Next Level Weed Growing

Made it through our beginner's guide and starting to get the hang of this whole weed growing thing?

Looking to step up your marijuana growing game to pro level?

You couldn't do much better than to invest $57.00 in a copy of Ryan Riley's 839-page Growing Elite Marijuana: The Complete Guide—revised and updated for 2017.

Talk about the BEST way to boost your grams per watt, learn how to grow the best weed.
The Encyclopedic Grower's Guide

We know, 57 bucks looks pricey at first glance. But when you're really getting serious about growing, a comprehensive grower's bible like this could swiftly pay for itself many times over in better quality weed, higher yields and fewer costly mistakes—and save you a lot of time-consuming trial and error into the bargain.

Moreover, it's not just one monster book you'll get—it comes with a whole package of invaluable guides, including an audio version.  If you think you might want to buy this book, go the page and skip almost all the way down to the bottom to avoid the incredibly long sales pitch.  You will find the order form and the details for everything else at the bottom of the page.

In short, this is all the most up-to-date professional knowledge you could ever need to take your marijuana growing to the next level—and have you literally living the life of Riley!

(Sorry. We couldn't resist.)

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Best Practices for Greenhouse Hemp Growing

Greenhouse hemp growing

Tips for Growing Hemp in a Greenhouse

If you have decided to cultivate a hemp plant (or its relative cannabis), then it is time for you to explore whether a greenhouse is another best place to cultivate it. Why? Because a greenhouse is generally discrete and cost-effective for growing these plants in quantity. The sunlight’s natural energy (with some supplementation by LED Grow Lights) is sufficient to let the plants grow healthier than artificial indoor light. Apart from saving up a penny, a greenhouse can also be environmentally friendly by saving on the electricity bills.  Of course, if you are growing hemp instead of cannabis, then you are probably interested in CBD oil, either producing it yourself or selling it to a producer.  Check out this post on making your own CBD oil.

If you are starting to grow hemp in your own greenhouse, here are seven tips you should keep in mind:

Before building your greenhouse, picture the design you want.

It should be simple yet practical. In choosing between wooden and metal frames, it is always a wise choice to go with metal ones. Metal frames have a lower risk of catching fire. It is also durable enough to go through windy and stormy seasons in your region. Although it is more expensive than wooden frames, it still lasts longer than wooden ones. Initial planning and designing might be very crucial hence require your patience.

The best location will be somewhere facing natural sunlight. This cut down the costs of using electric or artificial lighting. Nevertheless, make sure that your greenhouse location is strategic to access both sources of light for substitutions. Further, make sure that the greenhouse is spacious enough for storage, working tables, and water supply access.

Apply a translucent covering to your greenhouse. A translucent covering helps to distribute the amount of light evenly. You can choose from glass or plastic. Although glass is expensive, it still provides impressive performance. But if you are on a tight budget, you can also choose the plastic or fiberglass. It’s cheaper but also effectively distribute heat as expensive glass. Whatever you choose, you should add a new coat of resin every 10 to 15 years. You can also apply a paint that will make it invisible to the world from the outside. Remember, it is safer to think of your greenhouse security ahead of time.

Provide ventilation for your greenhouse.

With direct sunlight, your hemp plant is still able to grow during winter. This is primarily because greenhouses are great in retaining heat when the season turns cold. The humidity that is a result of the temperature change also decreases the need for watering the plant. However, too much evaporation from the heat can affect the plants negatively. So, if you are creating your own greenhouse, make sure that it has its own mechanical vent - it takes off heat from the greenhouse when it’s too much. 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit would suffice.  Here are our reviews of the best inline ventilation greenhouse fans you can use.

Adjust light levels to increase hemp yields in your greenhouse.

A source of light, whether natural or artificial, is essential in your hemp plants to grow healthy. With that said, when your hemp is in the stage of vegetation, it is great to provide your plants with 18 hours of lighting. You can easily have sunlight during the day, and provide a supplemental or artificial light at night to cover the 18 hours. Check out our 2019 list of Best LED Grow Lights if . you want the best supplemental light for your greenhouse.  LED Grow Lights for growing hemp not only optimize the yield but also provide you with year-round hemp production.

In the flowering stage, your hemp plants require darkness.

Unlike the vegetation stage, the flowering stage of hemp requires you to keep your greenhouse dark. Ensure 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness as it forces your hemp plants to flower based on your production schedule. To achieve this, you can use paint that prevents the light from penetrating through coverings or use blackout curtains also known as light deprivation technology. This technology is famously used in greenhouse production of kalanchoes, poinsettias, mums, and other plants that require darkness or photoperiod adjustments. Blackout curtains can easily be used by covering flat roofs truss to truss on greenhouse gutters. Don’t forget to cover door openings, side walls, and exhaust fans to completely prevent light from penetrating.

Help your hemp plants grow with CO2 enrichment.

Here is a great CO2 supplementation tool.  You can use a hot water heating system so that CO2 can be effectively pulled off the boiler, or you can just use liquid CO2 to dose your hemp crop. This one is best discussed with greenhouse experts like Industrial Hemp Farms. They will also help you with the steps on the proper ways of enriching your hemp plants with CO2 as well as its right amount.

Selling your low THC hemp.

Not only that, but if you are producing hemp with low THC content (not cannabis), Industrial Hemp Farms might purchase your product for their wholesale operation.

We hope that these useful tips will help you in your journey of growing hemp in a greenhouse. Remember that aside from the above seven tips, the most important one is being dedicated and responsible for taking good care of your hemp plants. With that, they will then grow healthier with increased production each year!

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CBD oil vs Kratom: What’s Best?

kratom pie chart - kratom vs cbd oil

Choosing between CBD and Kratom

Cannabidiol (CBD) and Kratom (mitragyna speciosa) have hit the headlines recently as means of tackling pain. Let’s look at the different products and check out the pros and cons of both.  The short answer to the question of which is better depends like always on your personal preferences and your own intended uses.  Let’s find out more.

What’s CBD?

Cannabidiol is a compound that comes from hemp and cannabis. One of the best known compounds to come from cannabis plants, it has been shown to be effective at tackling neuropathic pain yet is non-addictive and far less likely to give you a buzz than THC or Kratom.

CBD acts on the endocannabinoid system in your nerves by maintaining higher levels of the body’s own cannabinoids, which in turn reduce pain and inflammation in your body.

Visit for affordable CBD from Reef CBD.

It can be consumed by eating it, though cannabinoids are oil-soluble and do better if inhaled as an oil – you get more of it in your bloodstream if inhaled through a vaporizer.

What is Kratom?

Kratom is an herb found in Southeast Asia that is (at least for now) legal in most states across the United States. Unlike CBD, kratom works on the body’s opioid system, which rather than tackling the cause of the pain basically tells the body that you aren’t in pain.

In other words, kratom works like opiods and has some of the same dangers as opioids, maybe including stopping breathing.  Kratom use is banned in Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Tennessee, Vermont, Wisconsin and Louisiana, and the DEA has recorded 36 deaths allegedly from kratom use.

With that warning, we are going to note that the deaths attributed to kratom were in people using it with alcohol or other substances. Also, opioid is a very broad term – not every opioid has the same effects. Naloxone, for example, is an opioid but is used to reverse opioid overdoses.

You will also be surprised that many more people have supposedly died or been poisoned with CBD oil (52 in Utah, for instance).

Note, however, that these poisonings were apparently due to fake CBD oil. So the lesson is: buy your product of choice from a reputable supplier that tests its products for purity. This is especially true with kratom, because the kratom that is commonly available online is a mix of substances in various proportions, some of which are psychoactive and most of which are not well-studied pharmacologically.

You would think that given its opioid properties and the current opioid hysteria in the USA, the DEA would have put kratom on its list of Schedule I controlled substances.  Marijuana is a Schedule I drug, as we all know well.  But kratom, unlike marijuana, is not prohibited by the feds, although there was an attempt to do so in 2016.  The DEA had to back off because of a massive public protest and complaints by 51 Congresspersons.  That is probably not the end of the story however given the propensity of the DEA to want to control anything even remotely related to getting high.

How is Kratom Used?

Consumed as a refined liquid, kratom is best compared to a fruit smoothie – though do be aware it isn’t the best tasting drink in the world! Other people make tea with kratom.  You can find recipes for both types of use here.  Along with a faint feeling of nausea at first you will find your head buzzing a bit.  Unlike CBD you can build tolerance to Kratom and there can be withdrawal effects – Kratom can be addictive and one of the chemicals in kratom is said to be 13 times more potent than morphine.

There are three versions of Kratom – red, white and green veined. Essentially along with the pain relief, white Kratom gives you a buzz of energy like a strong coffee, while red veined Kratom can chill you out. Green Kratom sits in the middle of the two.

Nociceptive vs Neuropathic Pain

There are two types of pain that people can feel – nociceptive and neuropathic pain.

Nociceptive pain is the pain you feel when you have been injured in some way. Whether the pain from a needle puncturing your skin or the dreadful pain of giving birth, these experiences are both nociceptive pain.

Neuropathic pain is the pain felt as the body degrades due to diseases like Multiple Sclerosis and cancer. This pain is the nerves sending messages to the brain telling it that something is happening deep inside.

CBD is known to really help with neuropathic pain as it sends the body off to tackle the symptoms of the pain, while Kratom is great for nociceptive pain as it tells the body that the pain isn’t there. This isn’t the end of the story, as there are real advantages and disadvantages of taking both.

CBD Is Also an Anti-inflammatory

The first thing to note is that CBD is an anti-inflammatory. This means that the compound acts on the source of the pain as well as tackling the pain itself. One use of CBD oil is in skin creams, either for cosmetic purposes or for mild pain relief (or both.) People also use CBD oil in various forms for their dogs and cats.  Looking just at that measure, one might assume that CBD is a lot more versatile than Kratom.Even in states where medical marijuana is legal, people often choose CBD oil over high THC preparations because it doesn’t mess with your perceptions thanks to it not giving you a buzz.

CBD is often available as part of a ‘full spectrum’ cannabis oil where a number of other terpenes and cannabinoids are included in the preparation.   Not all cannabinoids have had as much research as CBD but they are known to work in concert with CBD on the nervous system, which in return produces a better effect on the sensation of pain. You can access ‘CBD isolates’ too, which are just a pure CBD preparation and does just has the effect CBD is known to give on the endocannabinoid system. We have an article here on how to make your own CBD Oil.

Shop the latest CBD products available at AndHemp. All CBD products have been lab-tested – Shop Today!

Kratom Has Been Used Extensively for Generations

Assuming kratom is too dangerous to use would be wrong when looking at the worldwide use of kratom.  In indonesia and other southeast Asian nations, kratom has been used for generations by millions of people and in particular in agricultural workers.  Presumably the psychoactive substances in kratom make the back-breaking work of farming a little more tolerable.

Kratom is Used for Opioid Withdrawal

While it works on the opioid system, kratom has less of an effect on your body than prescription pain medicines like morphine, oxycodone and fentanyl. This means that people can use kratom to wean themselves off prescription opioid addiction – precisely the reason that there was a huge outcry when the DEA went to ban kratom from sale, and the reason that the DEA (at least temporarily) backed down when the response from the public hit them.

Like the opioids that kratom can help the drug user break free from, it can cause addiction. The biggest problem with all opioids is that the body builds tolerance and you get sick when you withdraw from them. This is a big reason people prefer medical marijuana to opiate pain medications – you can’t really get hooked on it.

Unlike morphine, heroin, fentanyl and oxycodone, the withdrawal effects are much milder from Kratom. Put bluntly, sudden withdrawal from a hard opioid like morphine can actually kill you. Though a handful of deaths have been associated with Kratom use, in nearly all cases Kratom was used with things like alcohol (that also can depress the respiratory system) and other opioids.

CBD is also used to withdraw from opioids

Marijuana has been shown to help people come off Opioid Use Disorder (OUD). A 2018 scientific paper in the Cannabis and Cannabnoid Research journal showed, “The compelling nature of these data and the relative safety profile of cannabis warrant further exploration of cannabis as an adjunct or alternative treatment for OUD.” With the growing opioid epidemic in the US, cannabis could well be the more comfortable and less risky option for opiate withdrawal than kratom in many cases.

That aside, CBD oil, whether full spectrum or as an isolate, has significant differences over kratom in tackling pain. It is less addictive than the Indonesian herb, doesn’t give you a buzz, and often tackles the symptoms of the pain as well as dulling the pain itself. There are pros and cons to both kratom and CBD oil, but in terms of pain management it is probably worth trying CBD oil first.

If nothing else given the DEA’s habit of banning things it doesn’t understand, CBD oil is set to be legal for far longer than kratom!

This post is sponsored by Kratom Crazy, a seller of kratom products online including bulk products.

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Cannabis Oil vs. CBD oil, What is the difference?

Cannabis oil vs. CBD oil

Cannabis oil and CBD oil have been known for their pain relieving and other beneficial properties. But many people confuse between the two. One of the reasons for this confusion is that both have cannabinoids. There is no regulatory guideline as well. Cannabis oil vs. CBD oil, what is the difference? There are some sharp differences between the two. Here we are going to discuss the differences.

CBD oil

CBD oil is used for medicinal purposes. It is useful in treating pain, sleeping disorders, epileptic seizures, pain, etc. CBD is a chemical compound that is extracted from the hemp plants. Both hemp and cannabis plants contain CBD.  But the hemp plant doesn’t contain THC which gives that ‘high’ or psychoactive effect. CBD has health benefits similar to that of THC. The advantage of CBD oil is that it is non-psychoactive.

Shop the latest CBD products available at AndHemp. All CBD products have been lab-tested – Shop Today!

Cannabis oil

It is an extract from the leaves of cannabis plants. It contains more than 100 active compounds. Among these CBD and THC are the most important ones. Cannabis oil is the extract that contains all the components of marijuana. It contains THC as well.  It is used for both medicinal and recreational drug.

Cannabis oil vs. CBD oil, what’s the difference?

Cannabis oil and CBD oil both have medicinal properties. They are beneficial for various health issues. Here are some of the significant differences between cannabis oil and CBD oil.

  • Cannabis oil contains a high percentage of THC compound that can alter the mind or produces ‘high.’ CBD oil, on the other hand, doesn’t contain THC. So, it is not addictive. It is beneficial in reducing depression, anxiety, and other diseases.
  • As CBD oil doesn’t contain THC, it is legal in all the states of U.S and Canada. It is also legal in Europe, except in Slovakia. Cannabis oil is legal in places where marijuana is legal.
  • Cannabis oil has more benefits over CBD oil as it has the THC compound. THC has anti-inflammatory properties and is an effective pain reliever.
  • THC and CBD in cannabis oil have anti-cancer effects. It can relieve pain. It is more effective in relieving pain than CBD oil.
  • CBD oil is a non-psychoactive substance, so it won’t give the ‘high’ that occurs due to the presence of THC. Perfect CBD Dosage doesn’t have side effects like paranoia, anxiety, eye dryness, etc. that may be associated with cannabis oil. Users can experience euphoric reactions by using cannabis oil.
  • CBD oil has higher concentrations of CBD and no trace or minimum trace of THC. Cannabis oil, on the other hand, has high traces of THC and low traces of CBD. So, CBD oil is safer to use.

Why is CBD oil better than cannabis oil?

The obvious reason why CBD oil is better than cannabis oil is that it doesn’t contain THC that causes a psychoactive reaction. Cannabis oil has a high amount of THC, so it’s illegal in many places. You will easily find CBD oil; whereas, you need to know the law of every state to use cannabis oil. CBD oil doesn’t have some of the side effects that people have when using cannabis oil. Moreover, CBD oil provides a lot of health benefits and is a safer option compared to cannabis oil.

When you buy CBD oil, you should read the labels to know the source of CBD. You should also see the ratio of CBD and THC. If you are looking for a natural and safe health supplement, then you can use CBD oil. Though the FDA does not yet approve CBD oil, many people are already discovering the benefits of CBD oil. Research works are still going on to find out more about the healing properties of CBD.

Shop AndHemp for effective, affordable CBD Vape Juice.

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Cannabis Has a Social Media Problem – But It’s Starting to Solve It

The Weed Tube

YouTube gifYouTube has a weed problem.

So does Facebook.

Google Ads too.

All of them have a problem with cannabis related content. AdSense doesn’t allow its ads to be run alongside anything that could be construed as promoting recreational drugs. Facebook (including Instagram) has long been known for removing cannabis related pages and ads without warning. And recently…

Videos and entire channels of cannabis content have been disappearing from YouTube. Often without the usual strikes or warnings. Even long established channels and big names like Jorge Cervantes. While other similar channels, not to mention videos flagrantly in violation of YouTube guidelines mysteriously remained.

People are calling it the YouTube Cannabis Purge.

So what’s going on?

What social media alternatives do cannabis content creators and businesses have?

And where can folks who just want to talk to each other about the green stuff and learn more about it without censorship go to?

That’s what we’re going to cover in this article. Read on and find out how cannabis enthusiasts are helping each other out and taking matters into their own hands to provide the kinds of online spaces and services that Facebook, YouTube and the like are increasingly taking away.

The YouTube Cannabis Purge

Back around March/April time, we started to see a lot of articles and tweets about YouTube weed channels being terminated. We also started to notice a lot of the YouTube videos that we often embed in our articles here and on 420 Beginner were no longer available—it seemed a bit more difficult, too, to find videos to replace them or to add to our new articles.

We even came across one article that wondered whether it was Spanish language cannabis videos that were being targeted—the biggest Spanish language cannabis YouTube channel had been suddenly deleted, along with a number of similar smaller channels.

But it soon seemed more likely that it was actually part of a much wider, international purge (although it’s not impossible the new/updated algorithm happened to get started on Spanish language YouTube videos first).

Because that’s how YouTube moderation works:

It’s an algorithm (or bots, or AI or machine learning, whichever term you prefer), primarily, that categorizes content into certain groups advertisers can opt out of and checks for content that violates YouTube’s community guidelines.

You can report videos manually, of course, and some are flagged manually too, but with a staggering amount of content uploaded every minute (300 hours worth) never mind every day, an algorithm’s the only practical way to monitor the lot. (That link seems to be YouTube's main statement on what it's been doing.)

And yep, the YouTube content moderation algorithm was altered significantly earlier this year. But more on that shortly...

YouTube’s Strike System

Normally, if a video is flagged by the system or enough viewers, then it receives a strike. Three strikes within three months and you’re out. Channel terminated.

Weed videos getting strikes is not uncommon. But nor is the strike being removed after an appeal and manual review.

Putting your videos behind an age restriction tends to avoid a lot of problems too.

But what has been happening recently is entire channels being terminated without the slightest warning beforehand.

In some cases, an age restriction might have avoided the problem. Some channels deleted didn’t have one (and some educational channels arguably had pretty good reason to think they didn’t need one).

But mostly the problem seems to have been that the algorithm flagged so many videos all at once that three strikes (or more) got applied to many channels before there was even a chance to react or appeal.

Even channels that had suffered strikes before and thought they’d made sure their channels were now fully compliant with guidelines got deleted.

So what changed with the algorithm—and why? Why the sudden crackdown?


YouTube Doesn’t Just Have a Weed Problem

YouTube's censorship problems

By early 2018, YouTube actually had multiple reasons to update its content moderation.

Or to put it another way, it’s been at the center of some pretty big controversies lately! Emphasis on the plural.

From adult content getting onto YouTube Kids to the spread of fake news, extremist content and propaganda. From targeting kids with ads to a popular vlogger filming the body of a suicide victim and that video ending up on YouTube’s front page. We could go on.

And of course advertisers whose ads have ended up being served up with any of the content in question—or just risk being served up with it—haven’t been too happy either.

(The whole mess, including the controversial decision to demonetize smaller channels, quickly came to be known as the Adpocalypse.)

The result: YouTube’s formerly under-zealous moderating was rapidly amped up to over-zealous instead.

To get advertisers, lawmakers and viewers back on side, YouTube needed to be seen to act—and act pretty quickly. There needed to be a big crackdown on content that violates—or, as it turned out in many cases, merely might violate—YouTube community guidelines. A.k.a content that’s not advertiser friendly.

And cannabis content more than likely got caught up in the crossfire. In a somewhat scattergun fashion.

Because cannabis was far from the only area of content affected.

Everything from ASMR videos to conspiracy theories to people talking about sexual identity started to see significant changes in how content was moderated and which videos were eligible for monetization. Again, in an often quite scattergun seeming fashion.

Some YouTubers lost their only source of income overnight.

YouTube Moderation is Playing Catch-Up

For many years, content moderation and what does and doesn’t count as free speech was somewhat of an afterthought for YouTube. They tried to avoid speaking publicly about their policies; to not be seen as upholding or censoring any particular ideology over another. It was all about just adding more and more content. And increasing the ad views.

But slowly that laissez-faire moderation has been catching up to them.

And in the last six months or more, the pace of YouTube's attempt to rectify it seems to have increased pretty rapidly.

YouTube has admitted, though without going into specifics, that there have been mistakes on what’s been flagged and removed. But it’s also admitted that there will likely be more to come. Just because improving its moderating is such a huge and complicated task.

Some channels we heard had been deleted seem to have returned (Jorge Cervantes', for instance), while others apparently are still struggling to even get their appeals heard. The YouTube cannabis purge isn't quite over yet.

Another part of the whole problem seems to be that channels are being categorized into some quite broad categories, largely by AI. So that advertisers can then choose to opt out of these categories.

However, that very broad categorization can see totally disparate channels and videos all falling under the same umbrella, or under the wrong umbrella entirely. Even if your channel’s still online, or back online, you might no longer be eligible to run ads on it (assuming you were before).

So, given that weed content on YouTube is facing a pretty uncertain future, where else can we go now to watch and upload content about growing or consuming weed?

Enter The Weed Tube...

The Weed Tube
The Weed Tube's front page

Vimeo is the obvious YouTube alternative, and many creators have migrated over there. If you take a look, you’ll find some great stuff.

But if you’re a content creator, it’s still a smaller audience and you’ll likely need a pro account, which will cost you.

Also, many content creators in categories badly affected by YouTube’s clean up mission have signed up with Patreon to allow them to continue to make an income.

However, one of the great things about the cannabis world is that there’s quite the DIY spirit running through a lot of it.

And with YouTube no longer a safe haven for videos about weed, it wasn’t long before some YouTube weedtubers decided to create their own alternative:

Crowdfunded in rapid time ($6,500 in two weeks), it was supposed to be launched on the obvious date (4/20).

However, thanks to the massive uncertainty over whether their own YouTube channels would survive the cull and the rapid funding, The Weed Tube founders actually launched a little sooner.

And it seems to have taken off.

While I have to admit I don’t find it quite as user friendly as YouTube just yet (I much prefer YouTube’s embedding options, for instance; and you’ll find some pretty badly mis-tagged videos under the Growing/Gardening category), The Weed Tube already has active content creators and plenty of videos. The ads are all cannabis relevant too, which makes a change.

Whether you’re a cannabusiness looking to grow a following, a rec or medical consumer looking for info, or a home grower looking for tips and grow journals, it’s worth a look.

Finally, one purely educational cannabis channel deleted from YouTube, Green Flower, has started its own video platform. Not directly in response to being deleted—plans were already in the works. But it’s one way to go. (If you’re interested: Some of the content is on a premium tier and you have to sign up. But there’s some decent free stuff too.)

Where Else Can Growers (and Cannabusinesses) Hang Out Online?

All the old forums are still out there, of course. Long-time favorites like or the 420 Magazine forums, for instance, are still going strong.

But thanks to the multiple difficulties of running a cannabis business on, advertising on, and sometimes even just openly discussing weed on the most popular social media platforms—essentially, you’re constantly trying to stay the right side of a line of entirely uncertain size and location—a whole host of promising weed-friendly alternatives have sprung up in recent years.

As with any alternative to the big players in social media, the major difficulty is always going to be in getting enough of the right users on board to reach that tipping point—that point where you need to be on the platform, because everyone else is. (Known in economics as the network effect.) Many a would-be Facebook or “Facebook for [insert niche]” has fallen at that hurdle.

But there are some promising canna-centric alternatives to the big names. Let’s take a look at some of the most interesting options.

Smoke Network

Smoke Network was born out of many of the problems we’ve already related and linked to in this article. It’s due to launch sometime in the next few months, but you can sign up to try out the demo network right now.

When we asked for a quote, Co-Founder Joseph Ashburner described the new platform to us like this:

Smoke Network was created to help cannabis users and content producers avoid discrimination on popular social media sites and also allow them to earn off of original content. The platform was created for the cannabis community to allow everyone a free place to share their passion for cannabis and be rewarded for it in the process.

If you’ve heard of, then Smoke Network will be a lot like—but for cannabis.

And if you haven’t heard of, then what we’re talking about here is a social media platform for the cannabis community, free from censorship and government interference, where (unlike on Facebook) you actually own all your own data and can make money from it.


Well, it’s all built on blockchain technology and a cryptocurrency called SMOKE. Which to those of us who might use it and post content when it fully launches, basically all just means that participants will get paid in cryptocurrency for interacting and receiving likes.

You’ll be able to exchange that currency for regular currency, spend it in various ways on the site and with other businesses that accept it.

Blockchain is also the technology that enables the platform to be extremely secure, private and difficult to censor, by making everything totally decentralized.

And that’s not even the full extent of their plans:

Long term, the plan is that Smoke Network will further evolve into a strain database, dispensary reviews, grow journals and a tool for peer-to-peer cannabis transactions. An entire, censor-proof cannabis ecosystem. For more details check out the White Paper (PDF).

I’ve had a little play with the test network, and it all looks very promising.

Smoke Network demo screenshot
Content feed for the Smoke Network's test network

My one criticism: I’d really like to be able to more easily see whether an item of content is going to be an article, video, photo or short bit of text before I click on it.

But it is a test network, and from what I’ve read it sounds like that functionality will be firmly in place when the real network is launched.


Mastodon social network
Mastodon: a free, open source alternative to Twitter

Mastodon is a free, open source Twitter, with a 500-character limit. When you first encounter it, frankly, it can be confusing as hell...

Mainly because, once you start the signup wizard, you soon discover it’s kind of not just one network—you can actually join any one of multiple “instances” of Mastodon. And if marijuana is what you want to talk about, it’s hard to know which one to join (more on that shortly).

Instances seem to be separate networks, all running the open source Mastodon technology (or protocol), each centered around particular interests. Different servers, essentially. All of these instances are decentralized, but you can still join in on other instances.

Kind of like Subreddits on Reddit, but not—because there is no central “Reddit” overseeing them all, they’re all their own separate entities. (Not wholly unlike the difference between state and federal marijuana laws, I suppose—but much less dysfunctional 🙂 )

Anyway, I’d highly recommend reading this article on Vice first, before trying to get started. Or this beginner's guide on The Verge.

From there, you’ll learn that the main Mastodon instance is That one may be temporarily closed to new users when you visit, having grown very quickly. However, there are plenty of others, and joining one usually doesn't prevent you from communicating across the others.

And much like Twitter, it’s by using hashtags like #cannabis that you’ll find relevant “toots” and “tooters” to interact with and follow.

(And yes, the creator of Mastodon is a fan of the metal band.)

Other Weed Social Media Platforms:

Smoke isn't yet fully launched and Mastodon isn't weed-specific. So here's a selection of the most popular and most promising social networks we could find that are totally centered around cannabis—and that you can use today. You'll find networks here for both weed lovers and cannabusinesses.

Mass Roots

Mass Roots is a network focused on product and strain reviews and a dispensary finder. As well as news on the site (if you're a content creator, you may be able to syndicate your articles there), it also has iOS and Android apps. It’s also looking to make use of blockchain technology in the near future.


Duby is an anonymous network that allows cannabis users to connect and communicate with each other around the world. It has both iOS and Android apps. Cannabusinesses can advertise on the platform.


A marijuana social network where you can be as anonymous as you like. Includes all the usual kind of social media features like events, groups, chat, blogging and even a 420 marketplace.


A cannabis social network with a strains database and reviews. As well as the usual features, you can also earn Perk$coins, which can be spent on goods and services on the site (if you’re a business you can use them to buy ads) or converted into real world currency.


A social network for medical marijuana users.


A social network for cannabis enthusiasts with iOS and Android apps. Has apparently become known as more of a dating site. (If 420 dating apps appeal to you, it's a growing niche. Do a search and you'll find plenty to choose from.) However, the reviews on the Play Store are not great, so I wouldn’t expect too much!

Social High

A somewhat Facebook like app, with a bit of a local element to it and pretty patchy reviews on the Play Store.


We linked to a Leafly article above, but as well as some great articles it also boasts a dispensary finder and strain directory and smartphone app. It’s not exactly social media, but you can review strains and dispensaries.

WeedLife calls itself the Facebook of cannabis. And that’s pretty accurate. It looks much the same, but with green instead of blue. It’s also worth mentioning that this is the consumer social network part of WeedLife Network, a company which also offers a whole raft of different sites and services to the cannabis industry—from marketing tools and advertising to PR and WeedCircles, a cannabis businesses social network., on the other hand, calls itself the Facebook of weed. Again, it looks a lot like Facebook but green. As well as building a community, aims to offer “a fully integrated media platform to support the growth of the budding marijuana industry; while providing comprehensive resources to locate, educate, employ and entertain cannabis connoisseurs and service industry professionals.”

Cannabiz Connection

A social network for cannabis businesses, Cannabiz Connection describes itself as “a comprehensive, one-stop-shop for business owners looking to start-up or grow their business in the cannabis industry; or simply help your existing business to prosper… A social network and business accelerator, all built into one platform.”

Cannabis Associates Network

Another online cannabis business social network, global and modeled more on LinkedIn.

Want To Advertise Your Cannabusiness Online? Or Host Ads on Your Site? Here’s How

mantis ad network
Mantis: A cannabis-friendly ad platform

For advertisers wanting to reach an audience of cannabis users or growers there are three main alternatives to AdWords and AdSense that we know of: Mantis, Traffic Roots and 420Network.

For those who don’t know already, AdWords is Google’s platform for advertisers, while AdSense is used by publishers like us to host those ads (or at least it could be used by us if we didn’t talk about cannabis).

Mantis, 420Network and Traffic Roots all broadly mirror that setup. In other words, you can sign up to them as an advertiser and run your ads on lots of different relevant websites, or you can sign up as a publisher and monetize your website by publishing other people’s ads.

If you’re wondering, the ads you see on this site are from Mantis. It was pretty easy to set up and implement on the site and we feel the ads that get served are relevant to our readers. So, for us, the platform works well so far.

However, we haven’t really looked into 420Network or Traffic Roots yet, beyond mentioning them in this article. So if you clicked on those links you know about as much as us now!

Don't Totally Discount Advertising on Facebook, Google, Etc.

Finally, maybe don’t entirely give up on Facebook and Google Ads.

I’ve been seeing ads for Dealzer on Facebook for a while now. If you don’t know already, they sell grow cabinets—many of them stealth grow boxes. So how are they managing to run those ads, you might well ask…

Well, firstly, when you click on the ad, the landing page has no mention whatsoever of cannabis—just indoor gardening. And, secondly, it looks like the whole site has been purged of explicit reference to cannabis, marijuana, etc.

So if you can find the right angle, that avoids all clear mentions of cannabis, you might still be able to run ads on Facebook. You have to have a product that gives you that option, though, of course—and know the ad guidelines to the letter and get a bit creative.

Likewise, I know California Lightworks advertises on AdWords.

So, again, if you have a product or service that allows you to avoid explicit mention of cannabis, you might be able to run something (click the link for some tips).

Also worth a look: Leafly’s state-by-state guide to cannabis advertising regulations.

Summing Up

Despite the increasing legalization and norml-ization of cannabis worldwide, social media platforms are struggling to adapt their policies to the new landscape.

Admittedly, there are still massive legal and classificatory conflicts and gray areas in the real world, which doesn’t help. And moderating huge volumes of content is no easy task. Most of us accept that.

Moreover, some videos were demonstrably in violation of community guidelines. Even if unknowingly and often made with the best of intentions.

However, it’s the scattergun, haphazard and above all inconsistent approach to content moderation that many social media and advertising platforms take in relation to cannabis—and the frustrating slowness, unapproachability and unhelpfulness they display when mistakes are made or specific explanations are requested—that has angered and confused cannabis content creators, cannabis enthusiasts and cannabusiness owners.

Fortunately, where the current big players are failing, the cannabis community is increasingly stepping in to fill the void. Social weedia is becoming more than just a pun.

Before writing this article, I knew of a few cannabis social networks and ad platforms—but I’ve stumbled on a whole lot more. And may well have made work for myself—further researching and signing the site up to a few of them!

We’ll add any profile details here. And likely update the article soon with more info and more links.

Maybe see you around! 🙂

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Top Christmas Gift Ideas

OK, so we're guessing you're not bad at growing weed—but how good are you at Christmas gift ideas for the weed appreciating folks in your life? Need a little gift-buying guidance?

Well, if you've ever struggled finding that perfect gift, we've got you covered:

With our top Christmas gift ideas for the weed lovers in your life—plus an awesome totally counter-intuitive way to choose that takes the stress out of gift buying, whatever the occasion.

(And no, it's not just give them a bag of the good stuff! Counter-intuitive, remember?)

Santa's Favorite Pipe Stuffer
Purple Kush Crop King

How to Think About the Best Christmas Gift Ideas

Choosing a gift can either really BOMB, or have a fantastic outcome. The process of buying the right gift can cause pretty deep anxiety (not the thing you really want).

Even so, psychologists do agree that basically, the idea of gift giving is important as it defines relationships and strengthen bonds with family and friends.

But hey, we can help you do it right!

As a weed home grower, the best way for you to give a gift is totally unexpected: Make it giver-centric.

Yup, really. Giver-centric.

Basically, you need to give something that reflects your own personality and discloses something that you like about yourself. You need to give the gift of weed in some way.

No, that doesn't mean home grown weed. Your friends already get that (hopefully).

Nope, you've got to show generosity, be insightful, and give from the heart. That is what really makes a gift special and memorable.

Giver-centric Gifts Though? Are You Sure?

Yep, sounds counter-intuitive, but studies now find that people who receive giver-centric gifts feel closer to the giver.

So what is a giver-centric Christmas gift idea?

Simply, a gift that reflects your personality.

When a gift reflects the personality and the likes of the giver the recipient often finds greater meaning in that gift— presumably because they like you and you mean something to them. And you have things in common.

To be clear, though, we're certainly not talking about selfish gifts here.

Rather you're looking to give something that's both symbolic of you and illustrates a little sacrifice—you know in choosing, buying and wrapping it up. Ultimately, it seems this can be a much better way to go than trying to prove how much you know someone and trying to buy something that reflects them.

So how does this work practically speaking? How do you, personally, set about being remembered for your gift giving abilities?

Well, just don’t give gifts that you don't really relate to.

What we are saying is that the people, who receive the conventional box of chocolates or pretty bouquet of flowers, just don’t really get that WOW feeling from these types of gifts, and they sure won’t remember that you were the guy that gave it to them.

Or if they do, you'll be That Generic Gift Guy!

So, here's what to do...

Give Something that Speaks of Your Passion

The first thing you gotta do is think about your passion.

That's an easy one, right? If you're reading this, we know you have a passion for home grown WEED.

So the best thing you can do is give something that reminds your friends and family of what you are good at—growing POT, MARIJUANA and WEED.

Give the gift that a true weed grower would give.

To help you along we have put together a list of our Top Christmas Gift Ideas for the cannabis lovers in your life.

Top 10 Weed Grower's Christmas Gift Ideas


1. "Celtic" Tokebox

If you really want to give the gift of elegance, think of the "Celtic" by Tokebox. This is a sweet gift for any real pot connoisseur. This toke box offers a beautiful blend of hardwood craftsmanship and functionality. It has a nice safety lock feature that protects your privacy and two interior trays offering dual functionality.


  • Made from the finest selection of hardwood (knotty Alder)
  • Handcrafted
  • Made in the USA
  • Beautiful stain/lacquer finish
  • Airtight design

The Alder hardwood that the manufacturer, Tokebox uses, offers an elegant, airtight design that every stoner loves. It comes with a built in mirror on the inside of the top, which makes the box even more attractive. However, the features we like best are the tray which hold accessories, vials, grinders and so on, and the lock that offers complete privacy from prying hands through the 3-digit combination lock. Overall, it is a fine toke box with a gorgeous engraving of a Celtic knot on the lid.

2. Artificial Marijuana Pot Leaf Hedge—artificial weed wall hanging

OK, so this gift doesn't have much to do with weed, except for the fact that it looks like it. This is a cool artificial marijuana pot leaf hedge. Buy two or three panels and give to someone so they can use it as a wall hanging. Just imagine how a cool marijuana wall will look in a bedroom or living room. Your gift recipient can make a privacy wall or hedge, and have a private area to relax and enjoy that great weed.

  • 20”x20” green marijuana panel
  • 2 pack, 4 pack, and 12 pack.
  • Water resistant
  • Maintenance free
  • Easy Installation

These outdoor marijuana panels are made of high quality polyurethane with UV protection for longer life and non-fading. This may be the perfect gift for the person who has it all, except for great taste in decor.

3. Phoenician Elite Grinder

Unlike most weed grinders, the Phoenician Elite is a high end grinder and it’s also elegant and cool looking because of its high quality aluminium chrome plating (aircraft quality). This is the gift for someone who really likes quality stuff, as it is a top of the line, classy looking grinder.

  • Plated with 6061 Chrome Aerospace Aluminium
  • Exterior LOBE Gripping Design
  • Fast Proprietary Lock System with no thread locking system and replaceable screens
  • Extra compartments to hold everything you might need

This is a grinder that is different from others, the locking system is a simple air-tight twist lock system that allows for a good grind but is also easy to open. The top is magnetized and the grinding teeth are super sharp. The result is a courser grind when you need it. The screens are removable for cleaning or for easy replacement.

(Not quite the grinder you're looking for? No problem, we've got a whole guide to the best weed grinders and grinder alternatives.)

4. LINCIG Grinder: #1 Dry Herb/ Weed Luxury Grinder with Cutting Blades, 2.5 Inch

So here is another grinder. Can we help it? The weed lover always needs a good grinder, and it is the one thing that a friend will use for years, and will always remind them of you.

The Lincig grinder is a quality product and best of all, it comes at a very fair price. It has a very innovative design that is patented, and this makes this grinder stand out from others. It comes in an interesting wedge type of design, but more importantly, it cuts your weed well, instead of just mulching it.

Overall, the Lincig offers a good cut of just about any weed your friends might use.

  • 2.5 inch sharp blades
  • Interchangeable multi hole mesh
  • Durable and compact design
  • Easy Cleaning

Lincig offers sharp stainless steel blades, which in the patent pending wedge design allows for a better cut. We also like that there are different multi-hole mesh screens, which allow you to change the size of your weed cut as you want.

This is a high precision grinder made of ultra-strong aluminium. It’s strong as an ox and gives the user good grinding capability. What more could you want?

Overall, the design of the Lincig grinders offer durability and smooth engagement.

5. Ray-Ban Wrap Sunglasses

While this may not be a true stoner related gift, it is still a cool one that any stoner will love. Shades that make you look good. These are the ultimate Ray-Ban wrap sunglasses that you can wear with a classy business suit, but if that’s not something your friend would wear, don’t worry. These shades go great with a pair of shorts and t-shirt too.

The best thing is that they hide those red stoner eyes from onlookers.


  • Hard Composite Frame
  • Synthetic lens
  • Non-polarized
  • UV protection

Ray Ban is world renowned for its iconic sunglasses. Any pair within the Ray-Ban collection makes a wonderful gift.

A gift for the stoner who loves good fashion as well as his/her weed, and let’s not forget that Ray Ban embodies the fashion style for most adventurers.

6. Hip Hop Inspired Weed Leaf Necklace

This is like the jewelry designed by hip hop and rap royalty: Wiz Khalifa, Odd Future, The Game, Snoop Dogg and Rae Sremmurd. You may even have seen their creations on TV shows, and in movies and music videos. We think this sparkling gold or silver metal weed leaf with rhinestone ibnsets is the clear pick of any marijuana jewelry collection.

7. Cannaseur® One Mahogany Cannabis Humidor (2 Jars) with Lock

Thought humidors were only for expensive cigars? Well, not anymore.

And if you've grown some top quality bud the investment in one or more of these beauties could be plenty worthwhile. This precision-handcrafted airtight mahogany humidor will keep up to two ounces (50g) of medicinal marijuana in optimal storage conditions. You'll never have to worry about spoiled marijuana again. Makes the last stage of curing simple and stress-free.


  • Made from 100% solid wood, handpicked and sustainably sourced
  • Lockable for safety and security
  • Patented Micropore Core™ humidity regulation technology
  • German-made precision hygrometer for maintaining optimum humidity

All sorts of care and attention to detail has gone in to these humidors—even the packaging is handmade!

Also available in walnut; as well as smaller 1 jar models and with or without a lock.

8. Axe Deodorant Cologne Body Spray Diversion Safe

OK, so you have friends with kids, and you wonder "What can I give my friend that is low-key and doesn't spell out “Stoner” to the kids... on Christmas day?!"

We have the perfect gift item, the Axe Deodorant Cologne Body Spray stash box:

  • Hide your weed in plain site (keep it safe from the kids).
  • A can safe that looks like the actual deodorant product.
  • Fool everyone and protect your stuff!

Yeah, on the outside this looks like a typical can of deodorant. The kids will even get a kick out of the fact that Dad only got deodorant for Christmas. Take a closer look though, and you’ll see that the top comes off to show a hidden compartment, a great place to keep the stash.

9. CleverMade QuikFill AirChair: Recliner Style Inflatable Lounger with compact storage, Teal

When you envision this gift, you have to think of the lifestyle of your friend. This is an inflatable chair like no other you've seen. No more blowing or pumping air into the chair. This new technology just requires you to swing the chair around to catch the air and then roll it up. A perfect chair for the people who believe a perfect day is one spent at an outdoor concert, on the beach or camping.


  • Nylon rip-stop fabric like parachute material
  • Quick fill action
  • Recliner that allows you to sit back and relax
  • Easy knapsack carry case

Literally, create a chair out of this CleverMade Air Chair. It inflates in seconds without the need for air pumps or your needing to blow. It is perfect for any outdoor event—and it's pretty fun indoors too. Just watch those hot rocks!

10. Roach Party - Fun Adult Weed Pot Stoner Game

Give everyone something to do on Christmas day—or whatever the gift-giving occasion. This cool Adult weed pot stoner game is the gift that everyone can share. Win or Lose, it doesn't matter, everyone will be high at the end of this game.

  • Fun Adult Weed Party Game!
  • Win or Lose - You'll be HIGH on this game!
  • Up to 4 Players - Fast and Easy to Learn
  • Your Stash Isn't Complete - until you have this game.
  • As Seen In High Times Magazine.

Play with up to 4 players. This is the one thing that every stoner needs in his home.

The 3 Key Components of Great Gift Giving

OK, that's our Top 10 list, but are you still having doubts? Still, wondering if just a simple bag of top quality home-grown wouldn't do the trick?

Well, it's true, you probably could give them some of your very own marijuana and I'm sure they wouldn't throw it back in your face—but is that really enough?

When choosing a gift for the people in your life who love weed as much as you do, there are three simple things you need to keep in mind, the 3 key criteria for successful gift giving:


Remember this: The perfect gift is not about how much money you spend.

It is about generosity and selflessness. It is about your concern for the happiness of the recipients.

Choose a gift that will show the recipient that you really care, whether it costs a little more than you expected or not.


You need to empathize and see what the gift receiver likes, needs and craves. Show a little imagination. Showing some insight into what your stoner friend or family member wants or needs can make the gift you choose extra memorable.

Emotional Impact

The last important element that a world-class gift needs to have is emotional impact. It needs to offer a jolt, a thrill or a shock when the recipient opens it. It needs to have emotional intensity so the recipient remembers the event.

That is something that can only happen when you give the ideal weed related gift to your marijuana loving friends—and give a little bit of yourself too.

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6 Best Ways to Pass a Drugs Test for Weed – And Help The Economy


Test tubes image - 6 best ways to pass a drugs test for weed

Even if weed is legal where you are, you still could be subject to unfair and invasive drug testing at work. Or when applying for a job. Not only that, but company drug testing may even be harming the U.S. economy. So here are the 6 best ways to pass a drugs test for weed, avoid being penalized for doing something that's perfectly legal and—yes, really— help the economy!

From special mouthwashes to fake urine kits, detox to B vitamins, some methods have proven effective when instructions are followed to the letter.

Read on to find out more...

Workplace Drug Testing for Weed

Despite the changes in law with regard to marijuana in the U.S., we still have a huge stumbling block:

Drug testing.

When you want to get a job you have to undergo a drug test, and your ability to pass the test will be the decisive factor in getting a good job, or in qualifying for government benefits.

Maybe you've already run into this problem before. Perhaps you've even found a great job before and not gone for it because you know you'll fail the drugs test?

Naturally you'd never get high on the job, but that's not what the test will say.

Because that's notoriously not how drug testing for weed works. The tests can't tell whether you get high inside or outside of work hours, or even exactly when you last got high. All they can tell is that there's some THC in your system.

And it's not just peaceful, law-abiding weed users that the imprecision of drugs tests is harming. It's even harming the American economy.

Companies are struggling to fill vacancies. Even though there's a qualified workforce available, too many people are failing the pre-employment drugs test. (Read on for links to the figures.)

How Corporate Drugs Testing is Harming the American Economy

The President has promised more jobs.

The thing of it is that they're already out there.

It's not that our U.S. workforce lacks the skills to work, nor is it that there aren't any jobs out there. In some areas, there are plenty, sometimes too many to fill.

But in the end companies have to subcontract from foreign countries to meet their production needs. Or just pass up on big orders to the benefit of foreign rivals.

Either way, the money leaves the economy.


Because too many people are failing drug tests. Or not even applying in the first place. In short...

Drug Testing is Draining the Labor Pool

According to the New York Times, in some areas of the U.S. nearly half of applicants are failing those company drug tests.

Yes, as the article points out, a big part of that is the national opioid epidemic (so big it has its own Wikipedia entry).

But not only are record numbers of job applicants failing pre-employment drug screening. The most rapid increase is in positive tests for marijuana. Even where it's legal, company testing has hardly been relaxed.

Worse still, drug testing can be inaccurate and easily misinterpreted.

A Sledgehammer to Crack a Nug

Cannabis nug

A variety of different types of drug tests are available to employers. These can include saliva, urine tests, blood drug tests, hair drug tests, breath alcohol tests. Of these, the most inexpensive and so the most used are the saliva and urine tests.

You only have to glance at this Emergency Medicine News article about marijuana test myths to see why this is a problem.

Current marijuana testing cannot reliably establish impairment. It cannot gauge recency of exposure. Passive ingestion may be enough to fail a test. Even adding hemp seed oil to your diet for a while can produce a positive test!

Plus it's possible to pass a urine test one week and fail the next simply because you're a bit dehydrated, even though you haven't smoked in between.

There are plenty of jobs where being high at work would be dangerous to all concerned. We're not disputing that. But smoking in the evening or at weekends doesn't mean you'd be dumb enough to get stoned at work.

Drug testing, alas, can't differentiate though, so everyone suffers.

Drugs Screening for Welfare Benefits

And it might not be just pre-employment drugs screening you'll have to pass either.

In some cases, your application and approval for welfare benefits also depends on a drug test.

For instance, Oklahoma now requires drug tests for people to get welfare benefits, and another 14 states have also passed legislation and require drug testing and screening. These states include Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Georgia, Kansas, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, Wisconsin and West Virginia—plus Florida passed a law too, but it has since been repealed.

Is marijuana use legal in some of those states, medically or otherwise? You betcha.

What Are the Most Common Types of Drug Tests for Detecting Weed?

Blood Test

The two most common types of test are the saliva tests and urine tests, although police departments hope to soon have a breathalyzer test.

(The latter, however, may actually prove to be a good thing.


Bear with us and we'll tell you in a moment.)

Saliva Tests

The saliva test is relatively new on the market and only used for the past 5 to 10 years. Employers tend to like it because it is less invasive and less expensive. The good news is that this is the easiest test to pass.

Note: The following are the different types of tests corporations and government agencies use. However, we must reiterate that the most common tests used by companies are the saliva and urine tests.

Urine Tests

This is the most common type of drug-testing method used because it is easily available and inexpensive. This type of test checks for the presence of weed (and other drugs) in the urine.

Hair Tests

Another, less frequently applied test is the hair test. This is a test that checks for illegal drug use, and it works by checking the hair strand for drug metabolites.

The problem with this test is that it can find traces long after a person takes the drug, sometimes as much as three months afterwards.

Blood Tests

Another more invasive and more definite type of drug test is the blood test. This provides more effective and true results of illegal drug or medication use.

However, blood testing is not routinely used to test for illegal drugs.

Is Drug Testing for Cannabis Fair?

Well, no. In many ways it's not.

You know as well as us that marijuana and weed does not cause brain or lung damage. In fact, it has important medical benefits and can help treat glaucoma, improve lung health, control epileptic seizures, and may even stop cancer from spreading.

And in numerous states it's penalizing legal behavior.

But government agencies are still debating.

The Future Looks Brighter

Marijuana Breathalyzer

Time will tell, of course, but there may be some good news on the horizon: The development of a new breathalyzer for police use is underway.

OK, yeah. I know. That sounds a lot like bad news. Yet another damned test.

But what's good news is this:

It's way more precise than current testing—it checks whether use has occurred in the last 2-3 hours, rather than just the last few months.

So if costs fall and it makes its way into drugs screening programs, perhaps eventually there'll be no more being penalized for smoking outside of work hours. Or having to abstain while looking for work. You'll be able to be a medical or recreational cannabis consumer without risking your livelihood.

Some forces are testing already. But it may take years for consensus to be reached on what level of THC in the breath is enough to prove impairment of driving (or working) ability.


How to Pass Drug Tests for Weed in The Meantime?


Securetec cannabis and methamphetamine drug test stick

Unfortunately, until better testing becomes mainstream, we need to deal with the current methods.

You need to know more about current popular testing methods to understand how to beat them.

Know the Facts About Drugs Testing

As you probably already know, everyone’s body reacts differently to marijuana use.

Main factors include when you last partook, the frequency you smoke or vape, the potency of the weed, your body fat, weight and metabolism.

If you are a regular user, marijuana can stay in your blood and urine as long as 90 days after usage.

On average though, most people in good health can usually get clean in 30-45 days.

If you smoked once over the weekend with a friend for example, pot can be out of your system in as little as two days. But for more frequent light users, the average rises to 10 to 30 days.

Most other drugs can stay in your system from a few days and up to a month in extreme cases. Unfortunately, marijuana lingers longer.

Are There Effective Ways to Pass Weed Tests?

It certainly looks like it. According to the The Frontier, Oklahoma has spent $2.2 million on mandatory drug testing in the last two years for applicants of Temporary Assistance to Needy Family funds, and only 2.8 percent of all applicants tested positive for drug use—any drugs whatsoever.

The actual rate of marijuana use alone in Oklahoma is around 6%. And more than 8% of the population apparently abuses painkillers.

So chances are, yeah, weed tests can be beaten.

What Ways Don't Work?

Many Mary Jane users often try to use the natural methods they hear about in hearsay. Because natural's good, right?

And depending on what you try, some may not work, while others do. It really depends on whether you try a proven method or just one of the half-baked ideas.

Here are some of the methods that don’t really work:

  • Home remedies — these include substituting real urine for things like bleach, niacin, vinegar, Goldenseal, yellow cranberry juice. These things do not work and can get you into trouble.
  • Dilution — diluting your real urine with any of the above things will not work either and the test will detect it.

How To Pass A Drugs Test for Weed

Here is a list of 6 ways you can pass a drugs test for marijuana:

  1. Refrain from use
  2. Accelerated detox program
  3. 24-hour detox products
  4. Water and vitamin B complex
  5. Synthetic urine (with or without dispensing device)
  6. Detox mouthwash (saliva tests only)

But before we go into detail, we do suggest that before you try any of these methods you first analyze the quantity of weed you use.

If you are a light user then you may be able to flush out the signs of THC, either by refraining from use, by detoxing your body or flushing it out with vitamin B and water.

The best way to know how well your body is getting rid of the THC in your blood is to get your own home test kit. You can easily pick up an affordable kit from Amazon.

Best Ways To Pass a Drugs Test for Weed

  1. Refrain from Use

If you've got a bit of notice, you can just stop using the marijuana.

However, you do need to know the length of time it will take to leave your bloodstream naturally. Everybody has different reactions to marijuana, and there are other influencing factors such as when you last smoked or vaped, how much you took in, the potency, your body fat and your metabolism.

Marijuana can stay in your blood for as long as 90 days. But people that are in good health can usually detox their bodies within about 45 days.

If you use marijuana quite frequently, it takes anywhere from 3 weeks to 3 months after stopping, and the best way to measure your progress is to use an OTC drug test kit (see below). These offer a 99% accuracy reading in detecting marijuana in urine. You can use them to monitor your progress.

  1. A Good Detox Program

You can speed up your marijuana cleanse by using a detoxification program. A good detox kit can get your system free of THC in about a week.

Plus, these kits come with a testing kit that allows you to verify the results.

So this could give you enough time to pass the detox test of a future employer.

  1. A Quick 24-Hour Detox Product

You might also choose a 24-hour detox that begins working immediately. However, this option really only works for light to medium pot users.

If that's you, take one of these and it'll begins to work and mask the THC in your blood for 5 to 10 hours depending on the product.

Our choice Q Pretox is full of vitamins, and begins to detox your body the first day you start taking it.

  1. Water and B Complex

This method only works for very light users.

A couple of days before the test begin to flush out the THC with water and B complex. This strategy works by increasing your fluids and urine flow so there is a much lower concentration of THC in your blood and urine.

Start drinking a lot of water an hour or two before the test. Drink as much water as you can. Add two to three aspirins to the mix to reduce the sensitivity of the EMIT urine test.

And be sure to urinate in the morning when you get up as drug metabolites tend to increase during sleep.

While you are drinking the water, you also want to take between 50 to 100 milligrams of vitamin B-2 found in B-complex multivitamins.

Thorne Research's Basic B Complex offers active forms of vitamin B to enhance its availability to muscles and tissues.

  1. Synthetic Urine

Yes. There is such a thing as synthetic urine. And this is probably the best method to pass a urine test.

All you do is replace your own urine with a packet of the synthetic stuff and you are good to go.

Based on the information we've garnered, we've listed a few of the best synthetic urine products that work when you need to pass a drug test and don’t have a lot of time to prepare.

  • Monkey Dong. This is synthetic urine at its finest and comes at a higher cost than most other options. However, it is the kit to use if there's going to be a health or corporate attendant watching over your every move. This kit comes with a realistic urine device (it looks like you are really dispensing the urine). It delivers lab grade urine through a prosthetic penis that releases 3.5 ounces of pee. You can reuse it whenever you have another test, and the convenient heating strips allow you to quickly heat to the right temperature. Monkey Dong is top of the line when it comes to fake pee, offering a system that is virtually undetectable.

Monkey Dong drug test kit

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  • Quick Fix Plus. Why this brand? Well, each test will differ a little depending on the lab. Some labs look for the presence of uric acid, and QuickFix makes sure there is some in their synthetic urine kit. Note that pre-prepared urine can be the best way to pass the drug test. However, some people still fail because they do not follow the instructions fully.


Quick Fix synthetic urine kit

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  • The Peepack Kit. A kit that offers a one-time use, but that may be all you need. It comes with a medical grade dispensing apparatus that lets you dispense the contents while hiding the pack in your clothing. The kit comes with 3oz of medical grade urine that contains uric acid. It also comes with a dispenser and a heat strip to heat the urine to body temperature.

PeePack Sterile Urine kit

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  1. Mouthwash for Saliva Tests

As we mentioned before, if you are scheduled for a simple saliva test, then this is the easiest to pass, especially if you haven't used weed for about a week.

Just use a good detox mouthwash like Stinger.

If you are a very light Mary Jane user then this formula may work for you. It works instantly and gives you a 45-minute window of clean saliva, which should be long enough to pass the drug test.

The Bottom Line

We know, we know. If we lived in a perfect world, the legalization of Mary Jane, would have done away with these tests—but it hasn't.

So, we have to come up with interesting ways to work around the problem. And really, the best way to pass is to use a little extra help. Use a detox program, or swap your sample with a synthetic one, just be sure to use a product that offers you results.

And hey, if you get that job (or keep it), maybe you'll even help your country's bottom line too!

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Buying Cannabis Seeds: Your Stress-Free Guide 2018

cannabis seeds buying guide

cannabis seeds buying guide

With hundreds, even thousands of cannabis strains available today, and any number of websites selling them, choosing and buying the right marijuana seeds can be overwhelming.

So how do you pick the right one?

This in-depth guide to buying cannabis seeds will help you choose exactly the right seeds for your needs—without stress and from a reputable source.

Plus, we'll show you how to germinate them and get them growing ASAP.

[A quick disclaimer: Before buying seeds make sure growing is legal where you are. Even if it is legal, importing seeds from another state or country may not be. We also want to make it clear that while seed bank adverts are sometimes served on our site, we have no direct or affiliate relationships with any seed sellers.]

Stress-Free Cannabis Seed Buying Guide: Introduction

The first step in the rewarding experience of growing cannabis is of course choosing the right seeds.

This means purchasing the type and strain of seed that fits your needs from a reputable seed bank. This can seem overwhelming when considering the thousands of options available.

But there are many benefits when it comes to growing cannabis from a seed.

Some find the adventure of growing their own plant from a seed to flower a very rewarding experience. Others enjoy having control over the growth and nutrition of their plants.

No matter the reason, it is essential to choose the highest quality cannabis seeds to ensure the health of your plants.

To do this, you must know the different varieties and strains of seeds that you can purchase. You also need to be aware of any problems that may occur when ordering seeds online.

This comprehensive guide is meant to assist you in the process from ordering your seeds to germinating them.

We'll start with a quick trip back in time...

(Or just skip to the next section if history's not what you're here for.)

Cannabis: A Brief History

Humans have been utilizing marijuana for thousands of years. The plant originated in Central Asia and was used to its full potential when discovered by the Chinese.

The crop then spread across all of Asia, before the seeds found their way into Europe, Africa, and South America.

Marijuana finally made its way to North America in the early 1900s.

Archaeologists believe the usefulness of hemp is why cannabis was originally cultivated. Being able to use it to make rope, oil, clothing, paper, or to trade those items was very valuable. China was the leader in producing and trading these crops.

But although hemp was valuable, that is not all cannabis was used for.

Cannabis has been used for medicinal purposes for many years.

The first case, documented in 2,737 BC, was the use of cannabis in tea to treat rheumatism and gout by Shen Neng (or Shen Nong), the Emperor of China. The ancient Greeks treated inflammation and tapeworm with cannabis. Egyptians were using the plants for treating cataracts and eye problems. In India, you could find cannabis being used during religious ceremonies or for relief from pain.

Fast forward to the 20th century, where in the United States marijuana use became illegal.

A major milestone for marijuana use occurred in the late 1970s, when the Netherlands decriminalized cannabis. The country then allowed possession and selling of up to 30 grams. This led to the popular tourist attractions of coffee shops in Amsterdam.

The next big day in cannabis history came when California legalized medicinal marijuana use. In 1996, California Proposition 215 passed, allowing the use of medicinal cannabis, even without the FDA’s approval. Then in 2014, Colorado made recreational marijuana use legal.

Today 24 of the 50 states have decriminalized or legalized marijuana, bringing the dream of legalization closer every day.

Why Cannabis Seeds Instead of Clones

A clone is a portion of a plant that has been removed, but still grows roots and stabilizes as a genetic reproduction of the “mother” plant. Growing from clones is used to speed up the growing process.

But growing from a seed is often more beneficial than growing from a clone.

The tap root that is produced when germinating a seed, anchors the plant into the soil. Clones do not produce this, resulting in a much less stable plant that is unable to absorb as many nutrients. Having a tap root ensures that you have a healthy and happy plant.

Seeds can offer customization and more of a variety as well.

Plants that are grown from a seed experience less stress, which usually results in them producing a higher yield. There is also a reduced risk of pests and disease when starting from a seed compared to starting from a clone.

Seeds are a great way to give you more control of your cannabis plant.

Cannabis Seed Types

The first step in the growing process is deciding which type of seed you want to plant. This choice determines how much care your plants will need. This makes it very important to think about how much time you are willing to put into taking care of your plants.

Below we will go over the different types of seeds available and which type would be best for your next grow.

Regular Seeds

Regular seeds are entirely natural and have not been chemically or genetically altered. These seeds produce both male and female plants.

When purchasing, they usually come with around half of each sex. Unless you are looking to produce more seeds, it is important to identify the sex of your plants early.

Male plants need to be avoided to stop them from pollinating the female plants and ruining your harvest of buds.

However, even if the male plants have been removed, your female plants can still become hermaphrodites because the seeds have not been feminized. So you'll still need to keep an eye on how the plants are growing.

Feminized / Rodelized Seeds

Cannabis seeds that are guaranteed to grow to be female plants are called feminized seeds. These seeds are created through the chemical process of feminization.

Feminization is achieved by either spraying the plant with colloidal silver or gibberellic acid, or a technique known as Rodelization.

Cannabis plants can be hermaphrodites that carry traits of both sexes. These plants appear due to the lack of the presence of the opposite sex. Feminized strains, if treated properly, are resistant to becoming hermaphrodites. This eliminates the requirement to identify the sex of your plants. Which saves growers time and increases their yield.

Feminized seeds are not the ideal seeds for growers looking for diversity in their plants. These seeds have only one set of genes, making them identical to the female “parent plant” that they are created from.

However, they are great for growers who are only interested in producing buds.

Feminized seeds are also good for beginners because they do not have to worry about identifying the sex of their plants and risk ruining their harvest.

Auto-Flowering Seeds

Auto-Flowering seeds differ from other seeds in that their flowering stage isn't triggered by changes in the light cycle. An Auto-flowering seed begins its flowering cycle automatically once it reaches a certain age.

These seeds can be purchased feminized or regular, depending on your growing preference.

This is a great seed choice for outdoor growers in northern climates. These plants take advantage of the long summer days and highest quality light, even though the summers are short.

The indoor grower, on the other hand, will appreciate that this seed allows for more harvests per year because it flowers faster.

This plant does need a good amount of attention, though. If any problems occur, they must be taken care of within the first six weeks. But as long as these plants are well cared for, they can produce high yields in two to three months.

Different Strains of Cannabis: Pros & Cons

Cannabis sativa botanical illustration

There are four main strains of cannabis: inidca, sativa, ruderalis, and hybrids. Each strain of cannabis produces its own unique high. We will discuss the usual effects each strain has, what the characteristics of that plant are, and how some of the strains are used medicinally in the section below.


Indica is a sturdy, short, wide, and aromatic plant. They usually grow between three and six feet tall. Due to their compact size, indica is often favored by indoor growers.

The flowers and buds of this plant are close and tacky when touched. They have a short flowering period of 8-12 weeks. If your goal is to make hashish, then indica is ideal since it contains more resin.

Indica can make you feel sleepy, apathetic, and provide you with muscle relief. It has an effect similar to a sedative and helps your body to become deeply relaxed. This is the strain that gives the classic feeling of being “stoned”.

It also provides relief of any pain throughout your body.

Indica can help treat migraines, sleep disorders, muscle pain, eating disorders, seizures, glaucoma, and insomnia.


Sativa is a plant that grows tall and thin, sometimes up to 20 feet tall. For this reason, it is recommended for an outdoor grower.

The buds that this plant produces are loose and airy. The flowering period is much longer when compared to indica, at 10-16 weeks.

Sativa effects are felt more in your head than in your body. This strain makes you feel energized, creative, happy, and uplifted. It is often used as an anti-depressant for these reasons. Many artists use sativa for the creative side benefits. This strain is perfect for a day smoker.

Sativa can help treat symptoms of mood disorders and provide energy for those suffering from chronic fatigue.


This is probably the least well-known of the major strains of cannabis, making it not very popular.

Although it has a variety of qualities that differentiates it from sativa, some consider ruderalis a subspecies of sativa. This plant grows short and thin. While usually having low levels of THC, it usually contains high levels of CBD.

This strain is particularly favored by breeders to create hybrids, because it grows quickly and thrives in cold climates.

Hybrid Strains

A hybrid is created when other strains of cannabis are crossed, producing a more intense strain to increase yield or potency.

The cross-breed will have features from the “parent” strains. Many years of cross-breeding are responsible for the thousands of hybrids that are available today. Hybrids combine the best parts of each strain to create the perfect plants.

Strains that are sativa dominant will give you a euphoric, head buzz.

Indica dominant hybrids create a more relaxed, full body high. Some people refer to this feeling as “couch lock”.

Hybrids that are half and half are a balance between a head and body high.

More about Cannabis


Hemp is usually harvested in the northern hemisphere and is considered a type of sativa. This form of cannabis is utilized for industrial purposes and can be used for a variety of commercial items such as food, clothing, paper, paint, and other textiles. Hemp has a very low THC content of .03% or lower, giving little to no high when consumed or smoked.


When reading different strain descriptions, the aroma and taste of the cannabis is often discussed.

Smell and flavor comes from the terpenes. Terpenes are fragrant essential oils in the plant.

Knowing a strain's terpenes is an important part of deciding which to choose, as this will affect your experience when smoking or using a vaporizer.

Plants grown without chemicals or genetic modifications are known for having the best smells and tastes, although these are not always the easiest to grow.


THC and CBD are two main chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant.

THC, or Tetrahydrocannabinol, creates the psychoactive effect that can change your mood and perception. THC produces a euphoric head high that is usually used for recreational purposes.

CBD, or Cannabidiol, is an anti-psychotic that can enhance the positive effects of THC while helping to reduce the negative ones. CBD treats symptoms of many different diseases and conditions and the medicinal value of marijuana is derived from this chemical.

How to Distinguish Quality Weed Seeds

Once you determine the type of seeds you want to grow, it is important to ensure the best quality seeds are purchased. To do this, you must place an order through a reputable seller. A brief list is provided below.

In addition to this, there are several other ways to determine if a seed is viable once you obtain them.

One of the first signs of a good seed is the appearance.

A healthy seed will appear fat, rounded, dark brown or gray, and seem like it has tiger stripes or a marbled pattern. It will also have a smooth, glossy finish.

A healthy seed will have a firm shell that will hold up under minor pressure and not have any cracks.

If your seed is small, brittle, pale green, or white it is immature and will probably not sprout. If your seed feels light, is dry, or is cracked, it is probably old and will not make it through the germination process. There should be no signs of mold or other pathogens on your seed.

Some growers have other methods to determine the quality of their seeds.

One of these methods is the float or sink test. This is done by leaving your seeds in a container of water for around an hour. If the seeds sink to the bottom, they are most likely healthy.

Ultimately, the only way to tell if your seed is healthy is through germination.

Germinating and Planting Your Marijuana Seeds

young cannabis plants

Photo credit.

Germination is the process of getting your seed to sprout a new plant. The sign of successful germination is when the seed splits and a small white tendril appears. This tendril is called a taproot.

Cannabis seeds need three basic things to ensure successful germination: moisture, warmth, and air.

Here are the different methods growers use to germinate their seeds.

Soaking Seeds

This method is done by soaking seeds in a container filled with warm water, but not hot as this could damage your seeds. Some growers wait until the seeds have sunk to the bottom to remove them. Other growers remove the seeds from the container when a visible taproot has appeared from the seed.

Soaking the seeds increases the speed of the germination process and ensures that the seeds are completely moist before planting.

This method does, however, risk mold or rot attaching to your seed.

Starter Cubes & Plugs

This is an easy and quick process of germination. With this method you insert the seed into the plug or cube and then add water as per instructions that come with the starter cube or plug. This gives the seedlings the ideal conditions for germination.

If you have presoaked your seeds, place them into the starter cubes or plugs root side down.

Examples of cubes and plugs are Rockwool Cubes and Rapid Rooters.

Paper Towel

The first step of this method is to wet a paper towel and fold it. Then you want to place your seeds inside the wet paper towel and fold it again. Place the folded paper towel inside a plastic bag and seal it. Store this plastic bag in a dark, warm area where you can easily keep an eye on it to ensure no mold appears.

This technique has less of a chance of mold growth than the soaking method.

Once the taproot, appears then you want to transfer the seed to soil.

Another paper towel method involves wetting four sheets of paper towels with distilled water and wringing any excess water out. Place two of the paper towels on a paper plate and put your cannabis seeds on the paper towel about an inch apart from one another.

Next cover the seeds with the other two wet paper towels.

Finally, cover the paper plate with another paper plate. This will create a dark and wet area for your seeds to germinate. Your paper plate seed housing should be kept at a warm temperature, 70-90 degrees Fahrenheit.

Just like the other methods, once a taproot appears you know germination is complete.

Plant Straight Into Growing Medium

Growers often choose this technique because it eliminates any risk of shocking your seedling when you transplant it to where it will finish growing. This allows your seed to begin to adjust immediately to its environment.

This method begins with placing the seed directly into a light potting soil mix. The soil should be kept moist and at a relatively warm temperature.

The downside of this method is that you will not be able to see if germination occurs, due to the seed being covered in soil.

Transferring Seeds to Growing Medium

When a taproot appears and you are assured of successful germination, it's time to transfer the seed to its growing medium.

You will want to transfer your seeds into a pot of light potting soil.

A ¼ inch deep hole should be poked in the soil to prepare it for your seed. This can be done using a pen, chopstick, or any thin stick. The seed should be gently placed in the soil, taproot side down and smoothly covered with soil.

Once the seed is covered, it is important to keep the soil moist without over watering. Too much moisture can smother and destroy your sprout before it even gets a chance to grow.

With proper care and attention to the amount of moisture and heat your seedling receives, it will begin to grow.

Removing Seeds from Your Plant

There are times, even if it is not your goal, that your female plant will be pollinated and produce seeds.

To remove seeds from a cannabis plant, you must gently free them from under the buds and the stem with your finger.

If any of the seeds appear immature, old, or damaged you should dispose of them as they will most likely not survive the germination process.

Storing Cannabis Seeds

If you have found quality seeds but are not ready to plant them, there are a few options to store them for future planting. Some growers claim that they can be kept for years if they are stored in the right conditions.

Seeds must be kept in dark, cool, and dry areas to maintain their health. Some growers will, therefore, store them in the refrigerator.

These seeds are stored with a desiccant pouch to remove any moisture in an airtight, opaque container.

But there is still a risk of possible rotting due to temperature changes and excess moisture.

Another popular system growers use to preserve their seeds is to freeze them. This is done by keeping them in a vacuum sealed container with a desiccant pouch.

Some, however, argue that the cold can cause damage to the cells of the seed or dry the seeds out.

How to Purchase Cannabis Seeds Online

Cannabis seeds

Photo credit.

The first step in the rewarding process of growing your own marijuana plant is purchasing the right seeds.

The most convenient way of obtaining the highest quality seeds is often to purchase them from an online seed bank. But with so many seed banks out there, it is hard to distinguish which ones are trustworthy.

Below is a list of the top seedbanks of 2018 for buying cannabis seeds.

Recommended Online Seed Banks

When buying cannabis seeds it takes a lot of confidence in the company you are purchasing them from. Since you are not the one harvesting the seeds, you must trust the information that the seed bank provides about genetics of the plant that the seed came from. This is why it is essential to purchase your seeds from a well-known and trusted seed bank.


Nirvana shop's Bubblelicious strain

The founder of this seed shop has been honing his skill since 1980. After traveling and experimenting with crossbreeding, he opened what is now Nirvana.

Nirvana is a seed bank located in Amsterdam that was founded in 1995. This shop sells top-notch cannabis seeds and nutrients world-wide, except to Australia.

This shop has also created their own hemp wine, hemp beer, hemp liqueur, and even hemp iced tea.

What has made them a great success is their quality products and focus on the customer.

They have a small and dedicated team that ensures excellent customer service. They have experience growing and breeding their strains so they can easily answer any questions that you may have. Nirvana ships their products fast and in inconspicuous packaging. If any problems with shipping occur, they will promptly send you a replacement. They also accept multiple different types of payment.

Although this is a great company, you are only given a small selection of strains to choose from because they only carry ones they have developed themselves.

Nonetheless, Nirvana has some excellent strains.

  • One example is the Bubblelicious Feminized, which was created in the Midwest and was developed further in the Netherlands back in the 90s. This plant is not the easiest to grow, but it grows robustly and flowers within 8 weeks. It has a sweet bubblegum taste, as the name suggests. This hybrid is high in CBD and gives your body a very relaxed feeling.

  • Wonder Woman is another popular strain from Nirvana. This is a cross between Super Skunk and White Widow. This easy to grow hybrid will flower within 8-10 weeks and produce easy to trim buds. It provides you with a traditional skunk flavor and a happy euphoric high.


Power Africa x MK from Seedsman

This seedbank is located in the U.K. and ships their huge selection of strains worldwide. Seedsman also often has promotions for free seeds. They have been selling high quality seeds since 2003.

They differ from other seed banks because they not only sell their own strains, but they sell strains from other trustworthy breeders as well. Their large selection makes it easy to find whatever strain fits your needs.

Another great part about this company, is that some of their profits are used to work for marijuana legalization worldwide. They are also costumer service oriented, with a less than 24-hour turn around for a reply to customers with questions and concerns.

  • One of Seedsman’s most popular strains is the indica dominant Power Africa X MK Ultra FAST Feminised Seeds, bred by their own engineers. The seeds have a flowering period of 6-7 weeks and are fantastic for growing outdoors. It has a great fruity fragrance and taste, and a high THC content of between 15-20%.

  • Original Skunk #1 FAST Feminised Seeds is another best seller on the Seedsman site. This strain has a fast flowering period of only 9 weeks and grows 2-4 feet. It would grow well in a greenhouses or in indoor conditions. This plant has a sweet taste, with a classic skunk aroma and gives a really good head high.

Crop King Seeds

Purple Kush Crop King

Crop King Seeds is a reputable seed bank that has been around since the early 2000s. Based out of Canada they provide their customers with high quality, potent seeds. They have a number of different options to choose from, each created carefully for their consumers.

They only sell the strains that have the highest rate of germination and are the most potent.

As far as customer satisfaction, the reviews are overwhelmingly positive. There are also a number of ways to contact the company if you do run into any issues.

Crop King Seeds will ship worldwide with credit cards accepted.

  • One of Crop King Seeds most popular seed is White Cookies. This is a cross between two of the most popular strains available, Girl Scout Cookies and White Widow. This hybrid has a short flowering period of 8 weeks and is indica dominant, at sixty percent. It is also high in THC levels. White Cookies is recommended for indoor growers and not too difficult for a beginner.

  • Another popular seed from Crop King Seeds is Purple Kush. This is a seed known to grow into a beautiful plant with dense buds, thin white and orange hairs, and purple leaves. This strain has a very high THC level and will give you a “pure indica high”, relaxing your entire body. This seed flowers within 8-10 weeks and produces a high yield.



Northern Lights from MSNL

MSNL has a very strong online presence because of their consistency, high quality products, and reasonable prices. This seed bank has such integrity of their products that they will only sell fresh seeds. Any seed that is in stock for over two months will not be kept.

They also offer a quick delivery of some of the most popular strains on the market.

Shipping of seeds is the part that will worry new beginners the most, but MSNL has you covered. They offer three stealth shipping choices, to keep the seeds discreet as they are sent to you. These include “standard”, “stealth”, and “guaranteed stealth”. The more stealth the packaging the higher the shipping cost will be.

Two of the most popular strains from this seed company are Northern Lights Feminized Marijuana Seeds and Girl Scout Cookies Feminized Marijuana Seeds.

  • Northern Lights is one of the world’s most popular strains of marijuana. When smoked, Northern Lights gives a standard skunky taste and smell. This strain is meant to make you feel an even head stone and body buzz. Relaxing you enough to do slight activity before bed. These seeds are ideal for indoor growers as it grows to a medium height.

  • Girl Scout Cookies has just started to become more well-known over the past few years among growers and smokers. The flavor when smoked is like freshly baked cookies. This strain is very strong with a THC content of over twenty two percent. With a flowering time of 8-10 weeks, this potent indica dominant hybrid grows in almost any climate. The Girl Scout Cookies strain will produce a head high that is quickly followed by a smooth “body buzz”.


Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds

Limoncello Haze from Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds

It is not difficult to find high quality seeds from this Amsterdam based seed bank. They only choose the best seeds to sell on their site at very reasonable prices. A team of engineers with over 30 years of experience allows them to provide their customers with the best seeds out there.

With over 100 different strains to choose from, finding one to suit your needs or desires will not be difficult.

AMS sells more than just seed, offering fertilizer, vaporizers, t-shirts, and even hemp cheese.

And don’t worry about getting it sent to you, they have guaranteed worldwide shipping.

Just from reading their reviews from previous customers, you can tell how satisfied every costumer has been. If for some reason you do run into a problem, their customer support team will respond to you within 24 hours.

  • Limoncello Haze is a two time High Times Cannabis Cup winner, in 2008 and 2009, and is one of the most popular seeds that AMS sells. It is a mix of Lemon Ice and XTRM Super Silver. This is a sativa dominant strain with a flowering time of 9-10 weeks. This isn’t the easiest plant to grow, but it does produce a great yield. Limoncello Haze tastes like citrusy lemonade or limoncello while tingling in your mouth. It provides you with a relaxing high that you start to feel in your body and then moves to your head, lasting a long time.

  • La Blanca was created by AMS’s colleagues in Spain as a response to a challenge to improve the White Widow. With a flowering time of 8-9 weeks, this indica dominant strain can be grown in many different situations. This plant grows large buds with high levels of THC. It has a very potent smell, even when it is just starting to grow. This strain is great for naps and boosting appetite.


Other Recommendations

Marijuana Seeds for Indoor Growing

  • Purple Bud is a feminized seed bred by Sensi White Label sold by Seedsman. This seed is highly recommended for the indoor growers. This indica dominant plant flowers within 60-75 days. This colorful and potent strain is easy to grow and produces high yields. The effects are a relaxed body high and the aroma has notes of pine and sweet sandalwood.

  • Papaya is one of Nirvana’s more popular seeds due to its resilience. This plant is recommended for the indoor growing because it is compact. It is also resistant to disease and grows quickly with a flowering period of only 9-10 weeks. As the name suggests this strain has a tropical aroma that tastes like exotic fruit. This gives you a calming body buzz that leaves you with a lethargic, almost narcotic effect.

  • This hybrid from Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds is an indica dominant strain. With a flowering period of 8-9 weeks this deliciously sweet and potent plant was created with old school genetics. The Blueberry 420 is an easy to grow plant that produces a euphoric high. Great for relieving any pain or stress.

Award Winning Cannabis Seeds

Cannabis Cup trophies

Photo credit.

  • Goji D.C. Regular Seeds- 12 is a hybrid from Moxie Seeds. These seeds won first place at the High Times Medical Cannabis Cup in San Francisco in 2015 for CBD concentrate. The sedative effects combined with the anti-inflammatory relief of the CBD is how this plant received first place. Although this isn’t the easiest to grow, it is a dream for a CBD lover. With a flowering time of 8-10 weeks, this indica dominant seed is a must try.

  • Big Bud (how could we not mention this one? ;)) was created by MSNL for maximum yields. This award winning plant achieved that goal and is one of the largest producing marijuana plants in the world. It has a flowering time of 8-10 weeks and grows to a medium height. The aroma is similar to wild mushrooms and the forest floor in fall. It has a subtle classic skunk taste, with musty undertones. The taste develops, after repeated use, to a sweeter citrus flavor.

  • The AK47 from MSNL has won many awards and for good reason. This is an easy to grow and strong plant, making it very popular. It has a short flowering period of 8-10 weeks and grows to be medium height. This strain is compact and has a beautiful coating of resin crystals. The aroma of this plant is very potent and so is the taste. The flavor has notes of citrus and sour blueberries and cherries. The high that this award winning strain delivers is an intense head high.


The process of growing cannabis is simple, as long as the right steps are taken. Quality cannabis seeds can easily be found online from reputable seed banks. Moreover, there are many seeds and strains to choose from, depending on your personal preference. This allows you to choose exactly what kind of plant you want to grow and what kind of high you will experience from it.

This guide has taken you from selecting and buying to germinating and planting your seed. But that's just the early stages. From here you will need to take care of your plant in the later stages of its life cycle.

There are many more pieces of equipment such as tents, lights, ventilation, soil and nutrients, hydroponics, etc. to help accomplish this. Be sure to do your homework on these products and other stages of growth to ensure happy and healthy plants.

Finally, if you want to be sure to get the best value for money from your cannabis seed investments, we recommend you get your hands on a good grower's bible—and learn to grow like a pro.

how to grow weed


Ryan Riley's 839-page tome is one of the best out there—and comes with a bunch of bonuses, including an audio version and a Stoner's Cookbook.

It might not be the cheapest, but it should easily pay for itself in big fat sticky buds!

Happy growing!